What is KLUEDO?
Welcome to this electronic document repository named KLUEDO. This server is maintained by the University Library of Kaiserslautern. You can find electronic fulltexts here. If you are the author of a doctoral thesis or habilitation or anything else interesting for the scientific community at this university and want to publish your work online, you can do so by clicking on "Publish".
Is the publication free of charge?
Yes! Basically all publications are free of charge at the moment.
Hints for searching
The search tipps are only available in german:
  1. Personennamen sind wie folgt aufgebaut: Nachname, Vorname
  2. Um nach mehreren aufeinanderfolgenden Begriffen in genau der vorgegebenen Reihenfolge zu suchen, sind diese mit doppelten Anführungszeichen zu umschließen.
  3. Bei der Einfachen Suche werden mehrere Suchbegriffe automatisch mit und verknüpft. Für eine gezieltere Suche empfiehlt es sich mit Hilfe der Booleschen Operatoren mehrere Suchbegriffe miteinander zu verknüpfen. Die Operatoren müssen in GROSSBUCHSTABEN geschrieben werden.

    AND: Alle eingegebenen Suchwörter müssen im Dokument vorkommen.

    OR: Nur einer der eingegebenen Suchbegriffe muss im Dokument vorkommen. Diese Funktion erweitert den Suchbereich und bietet sich an, wenn unterschiedliche Bezeichnungen zu einem Thema existieren.

    Orange OR Apfelsine

    NOT: Diese Funktion hat eine ausschließende Wirkung und kann benutzt werden, um die Treffermenge einzuschränken: In Dokumenten, in denen der eine Suchbegriff vorkommt, darf der andere nicht vorkommen.

    Orange NOT Apfelsine

    Die Booleschen Operatoren funktionieren auch für die Erweiterte Suche. Dort können sie benutzt werden, um verschiedene Suchbegriffe innerhalb eines Suchfelds miteinander zu kombinieren. Zum Beispiel liefert die folgende Suchanfrage alle Dokumente des Autors "Mustermann" für die Jahre 2002 oder 2003:

    Autor: Mustermann
    Jahr: 2002 OR 2003
  4. Einzelne unbekannte Buchstaben innerhalb eines Begriffes können durch den Platzhalter ? (Fragezeichen) ersetzt werden. Beispielsweise liefert die Anfrage Ma?er im Suchfeld Autor u. a. die verschiedenen Schreibweisen Maier, Mayer usw.
  5. Mehrere unbekannte Buchstaben innerhalb eines Begriffes können durch den Platzhalter * (Stern) ersetzt werden. Beispielsweise liefert die Anfrage Ma*er im Suchfeld Person u. a. die verschiedenen Schreibweisen und Namen Maier, Mayer, Maurer usw.
Publication of doctoral thesises / habilitations
If you want to publish your doctoral thesis or habilitation on KLUEDO, please note the following.
  • PDF-Document
    To publish a doctoral thesis or habilitation only PDF-documents are accepted. Additional materials like graphics can be uploaded and published with the document.
  • Privacy Note
    It's usually prescribed in the promotion regulations that the dissertation must include a curriculum vitae. Documents published on KLUEDO are freely accessible worldwide, being indexed by search engines and are also being archived at the German National Library. We strongly recommend that you limit the vita in the electronic version of your dissertation on the scientific career. (See also: In particular, the specification of sensitive personal data (eg date of birth, marital status, etc.) should be avoided.
  • Required Fields on the cover sheet
    Yout can look at the cover sheet of the dissertations already published on KLUEDO. They meet the requirements for release on KLUEDO an have the following mandatory information on the cover sheet:
    • Identifier of the University Library (D 386)
    • Date of disputation
    • At least two reviewer
    • Specification for approval by the relevant department
I have some more questions - whom shall I contact?

General questions

Info-Team of the Central Library
phone: 0631 / 205-3856

Editorial specific questions

Gisela Weber (project management)
phone: 0631 / 205-2399
fax: 0631 / 205-2355

Kathrin Engelkamp-Kutas
phone: 0631 / 205-2369
phone: 0631 / 205-3190

Questions to the team and the project management of KLUEDO:

Questions related to the delivery of the printed version of a dissertation

Kathrin Engelkamp-Kutas
phone: 0631 / 205-2369
phone: 0631 / 205-3190

postal address:
Universitätsbibliothek Kaiserslautern
- Geschenk- und Tauschstelle -
Postfach 2040
67608 Kaiserslautern

Questions related to promotion regulations

The responsible department (deanery).

Questions related to the technology

Sven Heitmann (technology)
phone: 0631 / 205-2813

Michael Neufing (technology)
phone: 0631 / 205-2269

What do I need to publish here?
Please provide the following materials to publish something here:
  • your document(s), which you want to publish
  • the copyrights for your publication
... and, well, of course you need a little bit of time to fill the publishing form.
Please ensure before publication, that you are authorized to do that. Basically you are authorized if you are are the author or creator yourself and have not given exclusive rights to a third person or company. If you published parallelly at a professional publisher or plan to do that, please ensure, that the publisher allows you to make parallel publications on the universities electronic document repository.
What's a presentation format?
Presentation format means the file, that the user can watch. The different format is the original format, which serves as data basis for the presentation format. HTML and XML are well-known formats for presentation on the internet, for electronic documents (like the ones on this repository server) the most common presentation format is PDF.
What are the requirements for my document(s)?
  • Accepted file-formats
    Your document must be a scientific document, readable with a prevalent document reader program. Currently we are accepting the following formats:
    PDF (text documents)
    BMP, JPG/JPEG, PNG, TIF/TIFF (image files)
    M4A, MP3, WAV (audio files)
    LPD, M4V, MP4, MPG/MPEG, RM, RV (video files)
  • No copy restrictions and other DRM
    The document must not be copy restricted or access restricted in another way. This is a requirement by the German National Library to ensure long term archivation of the document.
Are there restrictions on file size?
The system accepts only uploading files up to 100MB. If you want to publish larger files, please skip the file upload and carry the files on CD/DVD to Tauschstelle of univerity library or send them per mail.
What do I have to consider writing my text?
You can find help to create scientific texts in a lot of sources. General hints, which formats are usable to publish online, are offered by DissOnline.

The University Library of Freiburg offers a tutorial on publishing in PDF format (in german language only).

If you want to write your work with TeX or LaTeX (this may be very useful on engineering topics with many mathematical formulas!), so you can find some interesting books about that in the OPAC of the UB.

Further information and helpful format exhibitions for doctoral thesises, State doctorates and Bachelor-, Master-, Magister- and Diploma-thesises are offered by the Humboldt University of Berlin on their electronic document repository edoc.
How do I publish my work here?
Please click on the publication link on the start page.
First you are requested to choose a document type. Right beneath that you can upload your document files. Read the legal information and guidance and confirm it by activating a checkbox. Having done so you may go to the next step. What follows now is the actual form. You have to fill in data about your publication here (so called metadata), which is used to describe your work in catalouges and other bibliographic directories. Depending on the document type, some of these fields are mandatory and therefore have to be filled in.

Mandatory fields are for example:
  • the title of your publication and the language of the title
  • the abstract of the document
  • the publication date of your document (normally the day you publish it online)
  • the language of the document (must be choosen from a list)
If you are unsure what to fill in certain form fields, you can point the cursor on a field and an explaining help text will be shown.
After you have finished the form, all data will be displayed once again for a check-up and you then have two possibilities: you can correct them if necessary or simply safe it directly.

In oder to publish your work cookies have to be enabled in your web browser.
Are there any special things to know about publishing a preprint?
Preprints are papers, which are not yet published by a professional publisher, but such a publication is planned and the publisher already accepted printing the work. Depending on the publisher there are several terms to be regarded by preprinting it. Many publishers require a link on our document repository, which references the final version on the publishers page. Please tell us when your preprint is published, so that we can accomplish the requirements of the publisher!
Special procedures for publication in a series / collection
Optionally, you can assign a document to a series or collection. Both options can be selected directly in the publication process.

If a document should be assigned to a series (counted) a band name is required. This name may not be chosen freely, but is given by the respective faculty. At each department deanery you can get the contact information of the person who is responsible for the allocation of the band names.

To assign a document to a collection (uncounted) no band name is required.
Retention period for dissertations with pending patent application
If your dissertation is related to a patent application, you may request that the printed copies and the electronic version of your thesis will be published by the Univerity Library after a retention period of one year.
If this is the case, please use the normal publication process of KLUEDO, but do not upload a fulltext and fill in only the metadata of your dissertation. Use the field "Note" in the section "room for notices" to write down a hint, that your publication should be delayed because of a pending patent application. After completion of the publication process you give the electonic version of your dissertation on a CD or DVD along with your printed copies to the Tauschstelle. In addition please submit the completed and signed form for a retention period (the form is only available in german language) at the same place.
For further questions you can contact the Tauschstelle.
Available document types
  • (Scientific) Article
    Document type (scientific) Article includes documents that have been published as article, editorial, register, table of contents or editorial section of a scientific journal or scientific periodical (postprint).
  • Bachelor’s Thesis
    Document type Bachelor's Thesis refers to the lowest level of a written thesis (usually after 3 years of study).
  • Book
    Document type Book (Monograph) is intended for classic monographic publications.
  • Conference Object
    Document type Conference Object includes all kinds of documents connected to a conference (conference papers, conference reports, conference lectures, contributions to conference proceedings, conference contributions, abstracts, volumes of conference contributions, conference posters).
  • Contribution to a (non-scientific) Periodical
    Document type Contribution to (non-scientific) Periodical refers to contributions in newspapers, weekly magazines or other non-scientific periodicals.
  • Course Material
    Document type Course Material refers to teaching material in the broadest sense, e.g. lecture recordings as video or audio files, exercise material, preparation or exam material. Lecture texts as such, however, are represented by document type Lecture.
  • Doctoral Thesis
    Document type Doctoral Thesis refers to a scientific paper leading to a doctoral degree.
  • Habilitation
    Document type Habilitation refers to a scientific work in Habiliation to acquire a teaching license.
  • Image
    Document type Image refers to a non-textual visual representation. Examples are pictures of photographs of objects, paintings, prints, drawings, other images and graphics, animations and moving images, films, diagrams, maps or sheet music. This document type can be used for digital and physical objects.
  • Lecture
    Document type Lecture includes university speeches, lectures and inaugural lectures.
  • Master’s Thesis
    Document type Master's Thesis refers to the medium level of a written thesis and also includes written theses completed before the Bologna process for academic degrees equivalent to the current master degree (‘Magister‘, ‘Uni-Diplom‘, ‘Staatsexamen‘).
  • Misc
    Document type Misc is intended for everything that does not fit in any of the existing document types.
  • Moving Image
    Document type Moving Image refers to a series of visual representations that convey the impression of movement when shown sequentially. Examples are animations, films, TV shows, videos, zoetropes or the visual representation of a simulation.
  • Part of a Book
    Document type Part of a Book (Chapter) represents documents that have been prepared within the framework of a monographic publication, such as chapters or contributions to compilations.
  • Periodical
    Document type Periodical includes magazines or periodicals, with the metadata related to the magazine or periodical as a whole.
  • Periodical Part
    Document type Periodical Part represents documents that have been prepared within the framework of a periodical publication.
  • Preprint
    Document type Preprint includes preliminary scientific or technical papers that are not published in a series of an institution, but are to appear in a scientific journal or as part of a book.
  • Report
    Document type Report includes textual material that cannot be categorized as any of the other types, e.g. reports, external research reports, internal reports, memos, statistical reports, project completion reports, technical documentations and instructions.
  • Review
    Document type Review refers to reviews of books or article and/or summaries of a publication that have not been written by the author.
  • Sound
    Document type Sound refers to a resource whose primary aim is to be heard, e.g. music files, audio CDs, speech and sound recordings. No differentiation is made between sounds, noise and music.
  • Study Thesis
    Document type Study Thesis refers to textual elaborations that are prepared as part of a course of study (term papers, seminar reports, investigation and project reports) and are not categorized as thesis.
  • Working Paper
    Document type Working Paper refers to a preliminary scientific or technical paper that is published in a series of an institution (also: Research Paper, Research Memorandum, Discussion Paper).

The description of the types of documents were largely taken from the documentation of OPUS.
(Source: OPUS 4 Manual, Version 1.4 (21.02.2011), S. 62-64)
What happens after uploading my document(s)?
We will verify your documents on functionality and formal issues. If we need more data or we have questions we will get in contact with you. If the data is valid, we will include the document in KLUEDO. Only then it will be visible in KLUEDO. If no further queries are necessary, the processing time usually takes not longer than two business days.

If your document is a dissertation, you will also receive a written confirmation for online publication. We will send the written conformation for online-publication together with the written confirmation for delivery of printed copies by internal mail directly to your appropriate deanery when the verification-process is finished. Please upload dissertations betimes to ensure processing within the prescribed time limits.
What's metadata?
Metadata can be defined as
  • data describing one or more ressources
  • or as
  • data associated with an object and describing it
Basically metadata is describing documents, objects or services and contains information about their content, structure or form. More abstractly metadata is a description of data or "data about data". Bibliographic data sets and catalog entries in library catalogs can be seen as a kind of metadata.

This repository is using metadata in the Dublin Core Metedata Element Set (short Dublin Core (DC)) which has fifteen basic elements. Dublin Core is the result of international efforts to reach a collective consensus in describing electronic objects (in the broadest sense). The Library of Congress (LoC), the Online Cataloging Library Center (OCLC) and several national libraries are dealing with Dublin Core in many projects and are close to introduce the system respectively.

Basic help about the publication form
Describe the document you want to upload using the categories and fields on our publication form. The marked elements (sign: *) are mandatory (you have to type something there). Please describe your document as clear as possible.
If you need help with some certain elements, move the mouse pointer over the field name.
Thank you for supporting us.
If you need german umlauts and cannot find them on your keyboard, here they are to copy and paste:
ä ö ü Ä Ö Ü ß
Form element Document Type
This element is mandatory for every publication! It contains the type of publication, for example thesis, preprint, study paper etc. You can select a type from a list.
Use of formulas in titles and abstracts
KLUEDO uses the opensource-project MathJax to display formulas in titles and abstracts. For input of formulas use the syntax of LaTeX and escape them with \[ and \], otherwise the formula will not be displayed correctly. The formula will be displayed in a seperate paragraph. If formulas should be displayed inline with the normal text, please use \( and \) to escape the formulas. Please use inline formulas in titles.

Some information about generating formulas in the syntax of LaTeX shows the LaTeX-Kochbuch (only available in german language).

Students and employees of Kaiserslautern University of Technology also have access to the video tutorial "LaTeX" at (only available in german language).

You have disabled JavaScript in your browser. It is not possible to use MathJax for displaying formulas without the use of JavaScript. The formulas will be shown in the syntax of LaTeX.
You can test the formula output here. Change the text in the input field and then click "generate formula-output".

test environment for formula representation on KLUEDO Formula-input (text to input in the publish form):

This input generates the following output

Formula-output (representation of the formula in the published document):
You can display formulas like \( c^2 = a^2 + b^2 \) inline with the normal text or multiline formulas in a seperate paragraph: \[ F_\alpha(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(2n-1)^n} {n \Phi(n + 2\alpha - 1)}{\left({\frac{2x}{3}}\right)}^{2(n + 1) + \alpha} \] Your abstract will then be continued below the formula.
In most cases this is no problem. Please ensure in any case, if your publisher allows a parallel publication! To do that you can use the SHERPA/ROMEO list.
For this repository the multiple publication on different webservers is no problem. But you have to verify, if your publisher authorizes parallel publishing. Some publishers have special requirements like setting a link to the publishers fulltext on the open access server.
You can find information about the publisher's handling of online-publications in the Sherpa/Romeo-list.
Please tell us in any case if your work is published by a third person or publisher and that the publication on this repository is a parallel publication. Then we will add a link and/or a reference to the (printed or anywhere else published) ressource.
8 facts you should know about open access
The information about open access is only available in german:
  1. Alle fachrelevanten Open Access-Zeitschriften finden Sie im DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journals.
  2. Sie können nicht nur in Open Access-Zeitschriften, sondern auch in Open Access-Archiven und -Repositorien publizieren. Diese Archive, darunter auch der Kaiserslauterner Dokumentenserver KLUEDO, sind gelistet im ROAR - Registry of Open Access Repositories und im DOAR - Directory of Open Access Repositories.
  3. Das Einspielen eines Artikels in ein solches Archiv dauert in der Regel nur einige wenige Minuten, testen Sie dies auf dem Kaiserslauterner Dokumentenserver KLUEDO.
  4. Die meisten Verlage gestatten ihren Autoren inzwischen paralleles Open Access-Publizieren auf Hochschulservern. Prüfen Sie, ob auch Ihr Verlag diese Form des "self archiving" erlaubt. Informationen darüber, wie die Verlage zu einer parallelen Online-Publikation stehen, finden sich im Sherpa/Romeo-Verzeichnis.
  5. Auch wenn der Autor bereits das ausschließliche Nutzungsrecht an einen Verlag abgegeben hat, kann er unter bestimmten Voraussetzungen von seinem Zweitveröffentlichungsrecht (Urheberrechtsgesetz § 38 (4)) Gebrauch machen. Weitere Informationen zum Urheberecht und insbesondere zum Zweitveröffentlichungsrecht stellt die Schwerpunktinitiative „Digitale Information“ bereit.
  6. Immer weniger Verlage lehnen einen Artikel zur Veröffentlichung ab ("Ingelfinger Rule"), nur weil dieser bereits auf einem Hochschulserver publiziert wurde.
  7. Open Access publizierte Artikel erreichen ein größeres Publikum als in teueren Fachzeitschriften publizierte Artikel und steigern damit den begehrten Impact Factor Ihrer wissenschaftlichen Arbeit.
  8. Open Access schützt Urheberrecht, denn wer seine Arbeit frühzeitig Open Access publiziert, dokumentiert wesentlich rascher seine geistige Urheberschaft als dies im Falle herkömmlicher Publikationsprozesse möglich ist, die sich oft monate-, wenn nicht jahrelang hinziehen.
Setzen auch Sie das Open Access-Prinzip um und publizieren Sie (parallel) auf dem Dokumentenserver Ihrer Hochschule - in KLUEDO!
This document server is based on the repository software OPUS 4.4. OPUS is documented here:
The information published here is collected with care, but does not guarantee to be current, absolutely correct or complete. All services free of charge are non-binding. The maintainer reserves the right to change, add or terminate certain services or parts of them without explicit notification. The maintainer of this service is not liable for contents of foreign pages, which are accessible via a hyperlink. The hyperlinks used in this service are collected with reasonable care. The maintainer cannot influence the current or future contents for foreign pages. So the maintainer is not liable for the contents of those pages and does not usurp it. Only the maintainer of the external pages is liable for illegal, deficient or non-complete contents as for damages, which may occur by using or not-using his information. The liability of the person who makes a hyperlink to that page is excluded. The copyright for the documents on this server always remain with the authors. The University Library endevours to use self-made or licence-free texts and graphics designing their web services. All trademarks and material copyrighted by third parties mentioned in our texts are under the laws and rules of the corresponding current property rights of the owner.
Terms of Use
You are allowed to copy, print and reference the documents on this server for your own or scientific purposes. The copyright remains with the authors. It is not permitted to use complete documents or parts of them for commercial purpose without authorization of the author and the server maintainer.

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