A new and systematic approach to machine vision-based robot manipulation of deformable (non-rigid) linear objects is introduced. This approach reduces the computational needs by using a simple state-oriented model of the objects. These states describe the relation of the object with respect to an obstacle and are derived from the object image and its features. Therefore, the object is segmented from a standard video frame using a fast segmentation algorithm. Several object features are presented which allow the state recognition of the object while being manipulated by the robot.
Self-adaptation allows software systems to autonomously adjust their behavior during run-time by handling all possible
operating states that violate the requirements of the managed system. This requires an adaptation engine that receives adaptation
requests during the monitoring process of the managed system and responds with an automated and appropriate adaptation
response. During the last decade, several engineering methods have been introduced to enable self-adaptation in software systems.
However, these methods lack addressing (1) run-time uncertainty that hinders the adaptation process and (2) the performance
impacts resulted from the complexity and the large number of the adaptation space. This paper presents CRATER, a framework
that builds an external adaptation engine for self-adaptive software systems. The adaptation engine, which is built on Case-based
Reasoning, handles the aforementioned challenges together. This paper is braced with an experiment illustrating the benefits of
this framework. The experimental results shows the potential of CRATER in terms handling run-time uncertainty and adaptation
remembrance that enhances the performance for large number of adaptation space.
We present two techniques for reasoning from cases to solve classification tasks: Induction and case-based reasoning. We contrast the two technologies (that are often confused) and show how they complement each other. Based on this, we describe how they are integrated in one single platform for reasoning from cases: The Inreca system.
We present an approach to systematically describing case-based reasoning systems bydifferent kinds of criteria. One main requirement was the practical relevance of these criteria and their usability for real-life applications. We report on the results we achieved from a case study carried out in the INRECA1 Esprit project.
The goal of PANDA is to provide an environment forparallel and distributed programming in C++. The systemconsists of a small operating system kernel, and a runtimepackage located in user space. In this paper, the conceptsof PANDA are outlined with focus on the systemarchitecture.
Die Bestanderhaltung historischer Bauwerke bedarf gründlicher Voruntersuchung, Qualitätskontrolle und Bauwerksüberwachung, um die Eingriffe in die Denkmalsubstanz zu minimieren und Folgeschäden zu vermeiden. Zerstörungsfreie Prüfmethoden und numerische Modellierungsverfahren bieten heute bewährte und neue Möglichkeiten, gesicherte Kenntnisse über die Bauwerke und die altersbedingten Veränderungen ihrer Baumaterialien zu erzielen und gleichzeitig die Eingriffe für Materialentnahmen und Bauwerksöffnungen zu minimieren. Anhand von Fallbeispielen werden aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse präsentiert. Georadarmessungen werden mit theoretischen Modellierungen kombiniert, um gemessene Anomalien in Materialparametern zu begründen. Moderne Anforderungen wie die energetische Sanierung historischer Gebäude werfen neue Problemfelder auf, für die anhand von Modellierungen des Wärme- und Feuchtetransports Antworten gefunden werden. Die Weiterentwicklung von Ultraschallmesstechnik und Signalauswertung ermöglicht neue Anwendungen bei der Untersuchung verwitterter Sandsteinoberflächen mittels Rayleighwellen.
As global networks are being used by more and more people,they are becoming increasingly interesting for commercial appli-cations. The recent success and change in direction of the World-Wide Web is a clear indication for this. However, this success meta largely unprepared communications infrastructure. The Inter-net as an originally non-profit network did neither offer the secu-rity, nor the globally available accounting infrastructure byitself.These problems were addressed in the recent past, but in aseemingly ad-hoc manner. Several different accounting schemessensible for only certain types of commercial transactions havebeen developed, which either seem to neglect the problems ofscalability, or trade security for efficiency. Finally, some propos-als aim at achieving near perfect security at the expense of effi-ciency, thus rendering those systems to be of no practical use.In contrast, this paper presents a suitably configurable schemefor accounting in a general, widely distributed client/server envi-ronment. When developing the protocol presented in this paper,special attention has been paid to make this approach work wellin the future setting of high-bandwidth, high-latency internets.The developed protocol has been applied to a large-scale distrib-uted application, a WWW-based software development environ-ment.
In this paper, a framework for globally distributed soft-ware development and management environments, whichwe call Booster is presented. Additionally, the first experi-ences with WebMake, an application developed to serve asan experimental platform for a software developmentenvironment based on the World Wide Web and theBooster framework is introduced. Booster encompasses thebasic building blocks and mechanisms necessary tosupport a truly cooperative distributed softwaredevelopment from the very beginning to the last steps in asoftware life cycle. It is thus a precursor of the GlobalSoftware Highway, in which providers and users can meetfor the development, management, exchange and usage ofall kind of software.
Die Realisierung zunehmend komplexer Softwareprojekte erfordert das direkte und indirekteZusammenwirken einer immer größer werdenden Zahl von Personen. Die dafür benötigte Infrastrukturist mit der zunehmenden globalen Rechner-Vernetzung bereits vorhanden, doch wird ihr Potential vonherkömmlichen Werkzeugen in der Regel bei weitem nicht ausgeschöpft. Das in diesem Artikelvorgestellte Rahmenmodell für Softwareentwicklung wurde explizit im Hinblick auf die globaleKooperation von Entwicklern entworfen. WebMake, eine auf diesem Modell basierende Software-entwicklungsumgebung, adressiert das Ziel seiner Einsetzbarkeit im globalen Maßstab durch dieVerwendung des World-Wide Web als Datenspeicherungs- und Kommunikationsinfrastruktur.
In this paper, we compare the BERKOM globally ac-cessible services project (GLASS) with the well-knownWorld-Wide Web with respect to the ease of development,realization, and distribution of multimedia presentations.This comparison is based on the experiences we gainedwhen implementing a gateway between GLASS and theWorld-Wide Web. Since both systems are shown to haveobvious weaknesses, we are concluding this paper with apresentation of a better way to multimedia document en-gineering and distribution. This concept is based on awell-accepted approach to function-shipping in the Inter-net: the Java language, permitting for example a smoothintegration of GLASS92 MHEG objects and WWW HTMLpages within one common environment.