## Diploma Thesis

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In this work a 3-dimensional contact elasticity problem for a thin fiber and a rigid foundation is studied. We describe the contact condition by a linear Robin-condition (by meaning of the penalized and linearized non-penetration and friction conditions).
The dimension of the problem is reduced by an asymptotic approach. Scaling the Robin parameters appropriately we obtain a recurrent chain of Neumann type boundary value problems which are considered only in the microscopic scale. The problem for the leading term is a homogeneous Neumann problem, hence the leading term depends only on the slow variable. This motivates the choice of a multiplicative ansatz in the asymptotic expansion.
The theoretical results are illustrated with numerical examples performed with a commercial finite-element software-tool.

This work is concerned with dynamic flow problems, especially maximal dynamic flows and earliest arrival flows - also called universally maximal flows. First of all, a survey of known results about existence, computation and approximation of earliest arrival flows is given. For the special case of series-parallel graphs a polynomial algorithm for computing maximal dynamic flows is presented and this maximal dynamic flow is proven to be an earliest arrival flow.

* naive examples which show drawbacks of discrete wavelet transform and windowed Fourier transform; * adaptive partition (with a 'best basis' approach) of speech-like signals by means of local trigonometric bases with orthonormal windows. * extraction of formant-like features from the cosine transform; * further proceedingings for classification of vowels or voiced speech are suggested at the end.

Matrices with the consecutive ones property and interval graphs are important notations in the field of applied mathematics. We give a theoretical picture of them in first part. We present the earliest work in interval graphs and matrices with the consecutive ones property pointing out the close relation between them. We pay attention to Tucker's structure theorem on matrices with the consecutive ones property as an essential step that requires a deep considerations. Later on we concentrate on some recent work characterizing the matrices with the consecutive ones property and matrices related to them in the terms of interval digraphs as the latest and most interesting outlook on our topic. Within this framework we introduce a classiffcation of matrices with consecutive ones property and matrices related to them. We describe the applications of matrices with the consecutive ones property and interval graphs in different fields. We make sure to give a general view of application and their close relation to our studying phenomena. Sometimes we mention algorithms that work in certain fields. In the third part we give a polyhedral approach to matrices with the consecutive ones property. We present the weighted consecutive ones problem and its relation to Tucker's matrices. The constraints of the weighted consecutive ones problem are improved by introducing stronger inequalities, based on the latest theorems on polyhedral aspect of consecutive ones property. Finally we implement a separation algorithm of Oswald and Reinhelt on matrices with the consecutive ones property. We would like to mention that we give a complete proof to the theorems when we consider important within our framework. We prove theorems partially when it is worthwhile to have a closer look, and we omit the proof when there are is only an intersection with our studying phenomena.

In this thesis we present the implementation of libraries center.lib and perron.lib for the non-commutative extension Plural of the Computer Algebra System Singular. The library center.lib was designed for the computation of elements of the centralizer of a set of elements and the center of a non-commutative polynomial algebra. It also provides solutions to related problems. The library perron.lib contains a procedure for the computation of relations between a set of pairwise commuting polynomials. The thesis comprises the theory behind the libraries, aspects of the implementation and some applications of the developed algorithms. Moreover, we provide extensive benchmarks for the computation of elements of the center. Some of our examples were never computed before.

Using covering problems (CoP) combined with binary search is a well-known and successful solution approach for solving continuous center problems. In this thesis, we show that this is also true for center hub location problems in networks. We introduce and compare various formulations for hub covering problems (HCoP) and analyse the feasibility polyhedron of the most promising one. Computational results using benchmark instances are presented. These results show that the new solution approach performs better in most examples.

This essay discusses the multileaf collimator leaf sequencing problem, which occurs in every treatment planning in radiation therapy. The problem is to find a good realization in terms of a leaf sequence in the multileaf collimator such that the time needed to deliver the given dose profile is minimized. A mathematical model using an integer programming formulation has been developed. Additionally, a heuristic, based on existing algorithms and an integer programming formulation, has been developed to enhance the quality of the solutions. Comparing the results to those provided by other algorithms, a significant improvement can be observed.