In this article we prove existence and uniqueness results for solutions to the outer oblique boundary problem for the Poisson equation under very weak assumptions on boundary, coefficients and inhomogeneities. Main tools are the Kelvin transformation and the solution operator for the regular inner problem, provided in . Moreover we prove regularisation results for the weak solutions of both, the inner and the outer problem. We investigate the non-admissible direction for the oblique vector field, state results with stochastic inhomogeneities and provide a Ritz-Galerkinm approximation. The results are applicable to problems from Geomathematics, see e.g.  and .
Using a stereographical projection to the plane we construct an O(N log(N)) algorithm to approximate scattered data in N points by orthogonal, compactly supported wavelets on the surface of a 2-sphere or a local subset of it. In fact, the sphere is not treated all at once, but is split into subdomains whose results are combined afterwards. After choosing the center of the area of interest the scattered data points are mapped from the sphere to the tangential plane through that point. By combining a k-nearest neighbor search algorithm and the two dimensional fast wavelet transform a fast approximation of the data is computed and mapped back to the sphere. The algorithm is tested with nearly 1 million data points and yields an approximation with 0.35% relative errors in roughly 2 minutes on a standard computer using our MATLAB implementation. The method is very flexible and allows the application of the full range of two dimensional wavelets.
Gegenstand dieser Arbeit ist die Entwicklung eines Wärmetransportmodells für tiefe geothermische (hydrothermale) Reservoire. Existenz- und Eindeutigkeitsaussagen bezüglich einer schwachen Lösung des vorgestellten Modells werden getätigt. Weiterhin wird ein Verfahren zur Approximation dieser Lösung basierend auf einem linearen Galerkin-Schema dargelegt, wobei sowohl die Konvergenz nachgewiesen als auch eine Konvergenzrate erarbeitet werden.
In this article we combine the modern theory of Sobolev spaces with the classical theory of limit formulae and jump relations of potential theory. Also other authors proved the convergence in Lebesgue spaces for integrable functions. The achievement of this paper is the L2 convergence for the weak derivatives of higher orders. Also the layer functions F are elements of Sobolev spaces and a two dimensional suitable smooth submanifold in R3, called regular Cm-surface. We are considering the potential of the single layer, the potential of the double layer as well as their first order normal derivatives. Main tool is the convergence in Cm-norm which is proved with help of some results taken from . Additionally, we need a result about the limit formulae in L2-norm, which can be found in , and a reduction result which we took from . Moreover we prove the convergence in the Hölder spaces Cm,alpha. Finally, we give an application of the limit formulae and jump relations to Geomathematics. We generalize a density results, see e.g. , from L2 to Hm,2. For it we prove the limit formula for U1 in (Hm,2)' also.
Due to the increasing demand of renewable energy production facilities, modeling geothermal reservoirs is a central issue in today's engineering practice. After over 40 years of study, many models have been proposed and applied to hundreds of sites worldwide. Nevertheless, with increasing computational capabilities new efficient methods are becoming available. The aim of this paper is to present recent progress on seismic processing as well as fluid and thermal flow simulations for porous and fractured subsurface systems. The commonly used methods in industrial energy exploration and production such as forward modeling, seismic migration, and inversion methods together with continuum and discrete flow models for reservoir monitoring and management are reviewed. Furthermore, for two specific features numerical examples are presented. Finally, future fields of studies are described.