## Berichte der Arbeitsgruppe Technomathematik (AGTM Report)

- 124
- Quasistationary Solutions of the Boltzmann Equation (1994)
- Equations of quasistationary hydrodynamics are derived from the Boltzmann equation by using the modified Hilbert approach. The physical and mathematical meaning of quasistationary solutions are discussed in detail.

- 123
- Implicit and Iterative Methods for the Boltzmann Equation (1994)
- The paper presents some approximation methods for the Boltzmann equation. In the first part fully implicit discretization techniques for the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation are investigated. The implicit equation is solved using an iteration process. It is shown that the iteration converges to the correct solution for the moments of the distribution function as long as the mass conservation is strictly fulfilled. For a simple model Boltzmann equation some unexpected features of the implicit scheme and the corresponding iteration process are clarified. In the second part a new iteration algorithm is proposed which should be used for the stationary Boltzmann equation. The realization of the method is very similar to the standard splitting algorithms except some new stochastic elements.

- 122
- Nonstandard Hydrodynamics for the Boltzmann Equation (1994)
- The Boltzmann equation solutions are considered for the small Knudsen number. The main attention is devoted to certain deviations from the classical Navier-Stokes description. The equations for the quasistationary slow flows are derived. These equations do not contain the Knudsen number and provide in this sense a limiting description of hydrodynamical variables. Two well-known special cases are also indicated. In the isothermal case the equations are equivalent to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, in stationary case they coincide with the equations of slow non-isothermal flows. It is shown that the derived equations possess all principal properties of the Boltzmann equation on contrast to the Burnett equations. In one dimension the equations reduce to the nonlinear diffusion equations, being exactly solvable for Maxwell molecules. Multidimensional stationary heat-transfer problems are also discussed. It is shown that one can expect an essential difference between the Boltzmann equaiton solution in the limit of the continuous media and the corresponding solution of the Navier-Stokes equations.

- 121
- Computation of Nonlinear Functionals in Particle Methods (1994)
- We consider the numerical computation of nonlinear functionals of distribution functions approximated by point measures. Two methods are described and estimates for the speed of convergence as the number of points tends to infinity are given. Moreover numerical results for the entropy functional are presented.

- 120
- On the Connection of the Formulae for Entropy and Stationary Distribution (1994)
- As it is well known in statistical physics the stationary distribution can be obtained by maximizing entropy. We show how one can reconstruct the formula for entropy knowing the formula for the stationary distribution. A general case is discussed and some concrete physical examples are considered.

- 119
- Domain Decomposition for Kinetic Problems with Nonequilibrium States (1994)
- A nonequilibrium situation governed by kinetic equations with strongly contrasted Knudsen numbers in different subdomains is discussed. We consider a domain decomposition problem for Boltzmann- and Euler equations, establish the correct coupling conditions and prove the validity of the obtained coupled solution. Moreover numerical examples comparing different types of coupling conditions are presented.

- 118
- A Numerical Method for Computing Asymptotic States and Outgoing Distributions for Kinetic Linear Half-Space Problems (1994)
- Linear half-space problems can be used to solve domain decomposition problems between Boltzmann and aerodynamic equations. A new fast numerical method computing the asymptotic states and outgoing distributions for a linearized BGK half-space problem is presented. Relations with the so-called variational methods are discussed. In particular, we stress the connection between these methods and Chapman-Enskog type expansions.

- 117
- Convergence of Alternating Domain Decomposition Schemes for Kinetic and Aerodynamic Equations (1994)
- A domain decomposition scheme linking linearized kinetic and aerodynamic equations is considered. Convergence of the alternating scheme is shown. Moreover the physical correctness of the obtained coupled solutions is discussed.

- 115
- Particle Methods (1994)

- 114
- Diffusion Approximation and Hyperbolic Automorphisms of the Torus (1994)
- In this article a diffusion equation is obtained as a limit of a reversible kinetic equation with an ad hoc scaling. The diffusion is produced by the collisions of the particles with the boundary. These particles are assumed to be reflected according to a reversible law having convenient mixing properties. Optimal convergence results are obtained in a very simple manner. This is made possible because the model, based on Arnold" s cat map can be handled with Fourier series instead of the symbolic dynamics associated to a Markow partition.