## Berichte der Arbeitsgruppe Technomathematik (AGTM Report)

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#### Year of publication

#### Keywords

- Particle Methods (2)
- Boltzmann Equation (1)
- Domain Decomposition (1)
- Evolution Equations (1)
- Hybrid Codes (1)
- Numerical Simulation (1)
- Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (1)

- 2
- Mathematische Weiterbildung (1984)
- Ziel des Modellversuchs war es, zu untersuchen, welche Ergebnisse der mathematischen Forschung an Universitäten für den Praktiker besser zugänglich gemacht werden sollten und wie dies geschehen kann. Als Zielgruppen einer solchen Bildungsaufgabe waren insbesondere Ingenieure in den Forschungs- und Entwicklungsabteilungen der Industrie und Studenten der Mathematik und Technik (im Sinne einer mehr praxisbezogenen Ausbildung) vorgesehen; in organisatorischer Hinsicht war an ein Fernstudium gedacht.

- 28
- Pattern Recognition Using Measure Space Metrics (1987)
- Patterns are considered as normalized measures and distances between them are defined as distances of the corresponding measures using metrics in measure spaces. This idea can be applied for pattern recognition if smeared patterns have to be compared with given ideal patterns. Different metrics are sensitive to different characteristics of the patterns - this is demonstrated in discussing examples. Particular attention is paid to a problem of Quality Control for an artificial fabric, where the distance to uniformity is defined and evaluated; the results are now used in industry.

- 32
- Low Discrepancy Methods for the Boltzmann Equation (1988)
- As an alternative to the commonly used Monte Carlo Simulation methods for solving the Boltzmann equation we have developed a new code with certain important improvements. We present results of calculations on the reentry phase of a space shuttle. One aim was to test physical models of internal energies and of gas-surface interactions.

- 34
- Industrial Mathematics: General Remarks and Some Case Studies (1989)
- Industrial mathematics has many faces; but its essential feature is the cooperation of partners - from industry and from universities - with quite different interest (business versus academic carreer), normally working on different time scales. They measure success in a different way (selling rate against citing index), they have different hierarchies of values and are very often distrusting each other. Industry doubts that mathematicians are willing and/or able to produce something real practical and useful (and the mathematicians should not be too much surprised about this attitude, they very often doubt themselves) - mathematicians are afraid to loose their competence (their ideal of scientific truth, to say it more idealistically), to sell their souls.

- 43
- Computational Methods for the Boltzmann Equation (1990)
- This paper contains the basic ideas and practical aspects for numerical methods for solving the Boltzmann Equation. The main field of application considered is the reentry of a Space Shuttle in the transition from free molecular flow to continuum flow. The method used will be called Finite Pointset Method (FPM) approximating the solution by finite sets of particles in a rigorously defined way. Convergence results are cited while practical aspects of the algorithm are emphasized. Ideas for the transition to the Navier Stokes domain are shortly discussed.

- 47
- Several Computer Studies on Boltzmann Flows in Connection with Space Flight Problems (1990)
- This report contains the following three papers about computations of rarefied gas flows:; ; a) Rarefied gas flow around a disc with different angles of attack, published in the proceedings of the 17th RGD Symposium, Aachen, 1990.; ; b) Hypersonic flow calculations around a 3D-deltawing at low Knudsen numbers, published in the proceedings of the 17th RGD Symposium,; Aachen, 1990.; ; c) Rarefied gas flow around a 3D-deltawing, published in the proceedings of the Workshop on Hypersonic Flows for Reentry Problems,; Part 1, Antibes, France, January 22-25, 1990.; ; All computations are part of the HERMES Research and Development Program.

- 60
- A 2-D Kaniel Kinetical Scheme for the Isentropic Compressible Flow (1991)
- We have presented here a two-dimensional kinetical scheme for equations governing the motion of a compressible flow of an ideal gas (air) based on the Kaniel method. The basic flux functions are computed analytically and have been used in the organization of the flux computation. The algorithm is implemented and tested for the 1D shock and 2D shock-obstacle interaction problems.

- 90
- Domain Decomposition: Linking Kinetic and Aerodynamic Descriptions (1993)
- We discuss how kinetic and aerodynamic descriptions of a gas can be matched at some prescribed boundary. The boundary (matching) conditions arise from requirement that the relevant moments (p,u,...) of the particle density function be continuous at the boundary, and from the requirement that the closure relation, by which the aerodynamic equations (holding on one side of the boundary) arise from the kinetic equation (holding on the other side), be satisfied at the boundary. We do a case study involving the Knudsen gas equation on one side and a system involving the Burgers equation on the other side in section 2, and a discussion for the coupling of the full Boltzmann equation with the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in section 3.