A new approach for modelling time that does not rely on the concept of a clock is proposed. In order to establish a notion of time, system behaviour is represented as a joint progression of multiple threads of control, which satisfies a certain set of axioms. We show that the clock-independent time model is related to the well-known concept of a global clock and argue that both approaches establish the same notion of time.
Today's communication systems are typically structured into several layers, where each layer realizes a fixed set of protocol functionalities. These functionalities have been carefully chosen such that a wide range of applications can be supported and protocols work in a general environment of networks. However, due to evolving network technologies as well as increased and varying demands of modern applications general-purpose protocol stacks are not always adequate. To improve this situation new flexible communication architectures have been developed which enable the configuration of customized communication subsystems by composing a proper set of reusable building blocks. In particular, several approaches to automatic configuration of communication subsystems have been reported in the literature. This report gives an overview of theses approaches (F-CCS, Da CaPo, x-Kernel, and ADAPTIVE) and, in particular, defines a framework, which identifies common architectural issues and configuration tasks.
Die systematische Verbesserung von Techniken zur Entwicklung und Betreuung von Software setzt eine explizite Darstellung der in einem Projekt ablaufenden Vorgnge (Prozesse) voraus. Diese Darstellungen (Prozemodelle) werden durch Software- Prozemodellierung gewonnen. Eine Sprache zur Beschreibung solcher Modelle ist MVP-L. Verschiedene Standard-Prozemodelle existieren bereits. Bisher gibt es jedoch kaum dokumentierte Software-Entwicklungsprozesse, die speziell fr die Entwicklung reaktiver Systeme entworfen worden sind, d. h. auf die besonderen Anfordernisse bei der Entwicklung reaktiver Systeme zugeschnitten sind. Auch ist bisher nur wenig Erfahrung dokumentiert, fr welche Art von Projektkontexten diese Prozesse gltig sind. Eine Software- Entwicklungsmethode, die - mit Einschrnkungen - zur Entwicklung reaktiver Systeme geeignet ist, ist SOMT (SDL-oriented Object Modeling Technique). Dieser Bericht beschreibt die erfahrungsbasierte Modellierung der Software-Entwicklungsprozesse von SOMT mit MVP-L. Zunchst werden inhaltliche Grundlagen der Software-Entwicklungsmethode SOMT beschrieben. Insbesondere wird auf die eingesetzten Techniken und deren Kombination eingegangen. Anschlieend werden mgliche Projektkontexte charakterisiert, in denen das SOMT-Modell im Sinne eines Erfahrungselements Gltigkeit hat. Darauf werden der Modellierungsvorgang sowie hierbei gemachte Erfahrungen dokumentiert. Eine vollstndige Darstellung des Modells in grafischer MVP-L-Notation befindet sich im Anhang. Die Darstellung des Modells in textueller Notation kann der SFB-Erfahrungsdatenbank entnommen werden.
The purpose of this expose is to explain the generic design of a customized communication subsystem. The expose addresses both functional and non-functional aspects. Starting point is a real-time requirement from the application area building automation. We show how this application requirement and some background information about the application area lead to a system architecture, a communication service, a protocol architecture and to the selection, adaptation, and composition of protocol functionalities. The reader will probably be surprised how much effort is necessary in order to implement the innocuous, innocent, inconspicuous looking application requirement. Formal description techniques (FDTs) will be used in all design phases.
Due to the large variety of modern applications and evolving network technologies, a small number of general-purpose protocol stacks will no longer be sufficient. Rather, customization of communication protocols will play a major role. In this paper, we present an approach that has the potential to substantially reduce the effort for designing customized protocols. Our approach is based on the concept of design patterns, which is well-established in object oriented software development. We specialize this concept to communication protocols, and - in addition - use formal description techniques (FDTs) to specify protocol design patterns as well as rules for their instantiation and composition. The FDTs of our choice are SDL-92 and MSCs, which offer suitable language support. We propose an SDL pattern description template and relate pattern-based configuring of communication protocols to existing SDL methodologies. Particular SDL patterns and the configuring of a customized resource reservation protocol are presented in detail.
Comprehensive reuse and systematic evolution of reuse artifacts as proposed by the Quality Improvement Paradigm (QIP) do not only require tool support for mere storage and retrieval. Rather, an integrated management of (potentially reusable) experience data as well as project-related data is needed. This paper presents an approach exploiting object-relational database technology to implement the QIP-driven reuse repository of the SFB 501. Requirements, concepts, and implementational aspects are discussed and illustrated through a running example, namely the reuse and continuous improvement of SDL patterns for developing distributed systems. Based on this discussion, we argue that object-relational database management systems (ORDBMS) are best suited to implement such a comprehensive reuse repository. It is demonstrated how this technology can be used to support all phases of a reuse process and the accompanying improvement cycle. Although the discussions of this paper are strongly related to the requirements of the SFB 501 experience base, the basic realization concepts, and, thereby, the applicability of ORDBMS, can easily be extended to similar applications, i. e., reuse repositories in general.
In order to improve the quality of software systems and to set up a more effective process for their development, many attempts have been made in the field of software engineering. Reuse of existing knowledge is seen as a promising way to solve the outstanding problems in this field. In previous work we have integrated the design pattern concept with the formal design language SDL, resulting in a certain kind of pattern formalization. For the domain of communication systems we have also developed a pool of SDL patterns with an accompanying process model for pattern application. In this paper we present an extension that combines the SDL pattern approach with the experience base concept. This extension supports a systematic method for empirical evaluation and continuous improvement of the SDL pattern approach. Thereby the experience base serves as a repository necessary for effective reuse of the captured knowledge. A comprehensive usage scenario is described which shows the advantages of the combined approach. To demonstrate its feasibility, first results of a research case study are given.