Any tree in an undirected graph defines a fundamental cut basis. The minimum fundamental cut basis problem is to find a tree minimizing the weight of the corresponding basis. This problem is NP, in the thesis heuristics, relaxations, and numerical results are presented.

In an undirected graph G we associate costs and weights to each edge. The weight-constrained minimum spanning tree problem is to find a spanning tree of total edge weight at most a given value W and minimum total costs under this restriction. In this thesis a literature overview on this NP-hard problem, theoretical properties concerning the convex hull and the Lagrangian relaxation are given. We present also some in- and exclusion-test for this problem. We apply a ranking algorithm and the method of approximation through decomposition to our problem and design also a new branch and bound scheme. The numerical results show that this new solution approach performs better than the existing algorithms.