## Fachbereich Physik

### Filtern

#### Dokumenttyp

- Wissenschaftlicher Artikel (22)
- Preprint (6)

#### Schlagworte

- Wannier-Stark systems (7)
- resonances (7)
- Quantum mechanics (6)
- lifetimes (6)
- quantum mechanics (5)
- entropy (3)
- lifetime statistics (3)
- localization (3)
- dynamical systems (2)
- lifetime statistics (2)

- A quantum/classical entropy concept for measuring phase-space localization (1997)
- We present an entropy concept measuring phase-space localization in dynamical systems based on time-averaged phase-space densities. This entropy has a direct classical counterpart; its local scaling with ln _h.

- Selective Quasienergies from Short Time Cross-Correlation Probability Amplitudes by the Filter-Diagonalization Method (1999)
- The Filter-Diagonalization Method is applied to time periodic Hamiltonians and used to find selectively the regular and chaotic quasienergies of a driven 2D rotor. The use of N cross-correlation probability amplitudes enables a selective calculation of the quasienergies from short time propagation to the time T (N). Compared to the propagation time T (1) which is required for resolving the quasienergy spectrum with the same accuracy from auto-correlation calculations, the cross-correlation time T (N) is shorter by the factor N , that is T (1) = N T (N).

- Calculation of Wannier-Bloch and Wannier-Stark states (1998)
- The paper discusses the metastable states of a quantum particle in a periodic potential under a constant force (the model of a crystal electron in a homogeneous electric ,eld), which are known as the Wannier-Stark ladder of resonances. An ecient procedure to ,nd the positions and widths of resonances is suggested and illustrated by numerical calculation for a cosine potential.

- Quantum Chaos (1999)
- The study of dynamical quantum systems, which are classically chaotic, and the search for quantum manifestations of classical chaos, require large scale numerical computations. Special numerical techniques developed and applied in such studies are discussed: The numerical solution of the time-dependent Schr-odinger equation, the construction of quantum phase space densities, quantum dynamics in phase space, the use of phase space entropies for characterizing localization phenomena, etc. As an illustration, the dynamics of a driven one-dimensional anharmonic oscillator is studied, both classically and quantum mechanically. In addition, spectral properties and chaotic tunneling are addressed.

- Resonances from short time complex-scaled cross-correlation probability amplitudes by the Filter-Diagonalization Method (1997)
- The Filter-Diagonalization Method is used to ,nd the broad and even overlapping resonances of a 1D Hamiltonian used before as a test model for new resonance theories and computational methods. It is found that the use of several complex-scaled cross-correlation probability amplitudes from short time propagation enables the calculation of broad overlapping resonances, which can not be resolved from the amplitude of a single complex-scaled autocorrelation calculation.

- Global and local dynamical invariants and quasienergy states of time-periodic Hamiltonians (1998)
- A formalism is developed for calculating the quasienergy states and spectrum for time-periodic quantum systems when a time-periodic dynamical invariant operator with a nondegenerate spectrum is known. The method, which circumvents the integration of the Schr-odinger equation, is applied to an integrable class of systems, where the global invariant operator is constructed. Furthermore, a local integrable approximation for more general non-integrable systems is developed. Numerical results are presented for the doubleresonance model.

- The 'Ermakov-Lewis' invariants for Coupled Linear Oscillators (1998)
- We consider N coupled linear oscillators with time-dependent coecients. An exact complex amplitude - real phase decomposition of the oscillatory motion is constructed. This decomposition is further used to derive N exact constants of motion which generalise the so-called Ermakov-Lewis invariant of a single oscillator. In the Floquet problem of periodic oscillator coecients we discuss the existence of periodic complex amplitude functions in terms of existing Floquet solutions.

- Wannier-Stark Ladders in Driven Optical Lattices (2000)
- The paper studies the effect of a weak periodic driving on metastable Wannier-Stark states. The decay rate of the ground Wannier-Stark states as a continuous function of the driving frequency is calculated numerically. The theoretical results are compared with experimental data of Wilkinson et at. [Phys.Rev.Lett.76, 4512 (1996)] obtained for cold sodium atoms in an accelerated optical lattice.

- About universality of lifetime statistics in quantum chaotic scattering (2000)
- The statistics of the resonance widths and the behavior of the survival probability is studied in a particular model of quantum chaotic scattering (a particle in a periodic potential subject to static and time-periodic forces) introduced earlier in Ref. [5,6]. The coarse-grained distribution of the resonance widths is shown to be in good agreement with the prediction of Random Matrix Theory (RMT). The behavior of the survival probability shows, however, some deviation from RMT.