## Fachbereich Mathematik

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- Average densities and linear rectifiability of measures (1999)
- We show that a measure in a Euclidean space is linearly rectifiable if and only if the lower 1-density is positive and finite and agrees with the lower average 1-density almost everywhere.

- Tangent measure distributions of fractal measures (1999)
- Tangent measure distributions are a natural tool to describe the local geometry of arbitrary measures of any dimension. We show that for every measure on a Euclidean space and every s, at almost every point, all s-dimensional tangent measure distributions define statistically self-similar random measures. Consequently, the local geometry of general measures is not different from the local geometry of self-similar sets. We illustrate the strength of this result by showing how it can be used to improve recently proved relations between ordinary and average densities.

- The average density of planar Brownian motion (1997)
- We show that the occupation measure on the path of a planar Brownian motion run for an arbitrary finite time intervalhas an average density of order three with respect to thegauge function t^2 log(1/t). This is a surprising resultas it seems to be the first instance where gauge functions other than t^s and average densities of order higher than two appear naturally. We also show that the average densityof order two fails to exist and prove that the density distributions, or lacunarity distributions, of order threeof the occupation measure of a planar Brownian motion are gamma distributions with parameter 2.

- Functions of bounded semivariation and countably additive vector measures (1997)
- In the Banach space co there exists a continuous function of bounded semivariation which does not correspond to a countably additive vector measure. This result is in contrast to the scalar case, and it has consequences for the characterization of scalar-type operators. Besides this negative result we introduce the notion of functions of unconditionally bounded variation which are exactly the generators of countably additive vector measures.

- On the efficient discretization of integral equations of the third kind (1998)
- We propose a new discretization scheme for solving ill-posed integral equations of the third kind. Combining this scheme with Morozov's discrepancy principle for Landweber iteration we show that for some classes of equations in such method a number of arithmetic operations of smaller order than in collocation method is required to appoximately solve an equation with the same accuracy.

- Asymptotic Expansions for Dirichlet Series Associated to Cusp Forms (1998)
- We prove an asymptotic expansion of Riemann-Siegel type for Dirichlet series associated to cusp forms. Its derivation starts from a new integral formula for the Dirichlet series and uses sharp asymptotic expansions for partial sums of the Fourier series of the cusp form.

- Moduli spaces of decomposable morhpisms of sheaves and quotients by non-reductive groups (1996)
- We extend the methods of geometric invariant theory to actions of non reductive groups in the case of homomorphisms between decomposable sheaves whose automorphism groups are non recutive. Given a linearization of the natural actionof the group Aut(E)xAut(F) on Hom(E,F), a homomorphism iscalled stable if its orbit with respect to the unipotentradical is contained in the stable locus with respect to thenatural reductive subgroup of the automorphism group. Weencounter effective numerical conditions for a linearizationsuch that the corresponding open set of semi-stable homomorphismsadmits a good and projective quotient in the sense of geometricinvariant theory, and that this quotient is in additiona geometric quotient on the set of stable homomorphisms.

- Brakhage's implicit iteration method and Information Complexity of equations with operators having closed range (1999)
- An a posteriori stopping rule connected with monitoringthe norm of second residual is introduced forBrakhage's implicit nonstationary iteration method, applied to ill-posed problems involving linear operatorswith closed range. It is also shown that for someclasses of equations with such operators the algorithmconsisting in combination of Brakhage's method withsome new discretization scheme is order optimal in the sense of Information Complexity.

- Density theorems for the intersection local times of planar Brownian motion (1999)
- We show that the intersection local times \(\mu_p\) on the intersection of \(p\) independent planar Brownian paths have an average density of order three with respect to the gauge function \(r^2\pi\cdot (log(1/r)/\pi)^p\), more precisely, almost surely, \[ \lim\limits_{\varepsilon\downarrow 0} \frac{1}{log |log\ \varepsilon|} \int_\varepsilon^{1/e} \frac{\mu_p(B(x,r))}{r^2\pi\cdot (log(1/r)/\pi)^p} \frac{dr}{r\ log (1/r)} = 2^p \mbox{ at $\mu_p$-almost every $x$.} \] We also show that the lacunarity distributions of \(\mu_p\), at \(\mu_p\)-almost every point, is given as the distribution of the product of \(p\) independent gamma(2)-distributed random variables. The main tools of the proof are a Palm distribution associated with the intersection local time and an approximation theorem of Le Gall.