## Fachbereich Mathematik

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- Remarks on Orthogonal Polynomials and Balanced Realizations (1992)
- Given a proper antistable rational transfer function g, a balanced realization of g is contructed as a matrix representation of the abstract shift realization introduced in Fuhrmann [1976]. The required basis is constructed as a union of sets of polynomials orthogonal with respect to weights given by the square of the absolute values of minimal degree Schmidt vectors of the corresponding Hankel operators. This extends results of Fuhrmann [1991], obtained in the generic case.

- An Analysis of Baganoff" s Shuffle Algorithm (1993)
- The paper presents the shuffle algorithm proposed by Baganoff, which can be implemented in simulation methods for the Boltzmann equation to simplify the binary collision process. It is shown that the shuffle algborithm is a discrete approximation of an isotropic collision law. The transition probability as well as the scattering cross section of the shuffle algorithm are opposed to the corresponding quantities of a hard-sphere model. The discrepancy between measures on a sphere is introduced in order to quantify the approximation error by using the shuffle algorithm.

- Tensor Spherical Harmonics and Tensor Spherical Splines (1993)
- In this paper, we deal with the problem of spherical interpolation of discretely given data of tensorial type. To this end, spherical tensor fields are investigated and a decomposition formula is described. Tensor spherical harmonics are introduced as eigenfunctions of a tensorial analogon to the Beltrami operator and discussed in detail. Based on these preliminaries, a spline interpolation process is described and error estimates are presented. Furthermore, some relations between the spline basis functions and the theory of radial basis functions are developed.

- Construction of Particlesets to Simulate Rarefied Gases (1993)
- In this paper a new method is introduced to construct asymptotically f-distributed sequences of points in the IR^d. The algorithm is based on a transformation proposed by E. Hlawka and R. Mück. For the numerical tests a new procedure to evaluate the f-discrepancy in two dimensions is proposed.

- Domain Decomposition: Linking Kinetic and Aerodynamic Descriptions (1993)
- We discuss how kinetic and aerodynamic descriptions of a gas can be matched at some prescribed boundary. The boundary (matching) conditions arise from requirement that the relevant moments (p,u,...) of the particle density function be continuous at the boundary, and from the requirement that the closure relation, by which the aerodynamic equations (holding on one side of the boundary) arise from the kinetic equation (holding on the other side), be satisfied at the boundary. We do a case study involving the Knudsen gas equation on one side and a system involving the Burgers equation on the other side in section 2, and a discussion for the coupling of the full Boltzmann equation with the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in section 3.

- Fast Generation of Low-Discrepancy Sequences (1993)
- The paper presents a fast implementation of a constructive method to generate a special class of low-discrepancy sequences which are based on Van Neumann-Kakutani tranformations. Such sequences can be used in various simulation codes where it is necessary to generate a certain number of uniformly distributed random numbers on the unit interval.; From a theoretical point of view the uniformity of a sequence is measured in terms of the discrepancy which is a special distance between a finite set of points and the uniform distribution on the unit interval.; Numerical results are given on the cost efficiency of different generators on different hardware architectures as well as on the corresponding uniformity of the sequences. As an example for the efficient use of low-discrepancy sequences in a complex simulation code results are presented for the simulation of a hypersonic rarefied gas flow.

- 3D Eddy-Current Computation Using Krylov Subspace Methods (1993)
- This paper considers the numerical solution of a transmission boundary-value problem for the time-harmonic Maxwell equations with the help of a special finite volume discretization. Applying this technique to several three-dimensional test problems, we obtain large, sparse, complex linear systems, which are solved by using BiCG, CGS, BiCGSTAB resp., GMRES. We combine these methods with suitably chosen preconditioning matrices and compare the speed of convergence.

- Nonorthogonal Expansions on the Sphere (1993)
- Discrete families of functions with the property that every function in a certain space can be represented by its formal Fourier series expansion are developed on the sphere. A Fourier series type expansion is obviously true if the family is an orthonormal basis of a Hilbert space, but it also can hold in situations where the family is not orthogonal and is overcomplete. Furthermore, all functions in our approach are axisymmetric (depending only on the spherical distance) so that they can be used adequately in (rotation) invariant pseudodifferential equations on the frames (ii) Gauss- Weierstrass frames, and (iii) frames consisting of locally supported kernel functions. Abel-Poisson frames form families of harmonic functions and provide us with powerful approximation tools in potential theory. Gauss-Weierstrass frames are intimately related to the diffusion equation on the sphere and play an important role in multiscale descriptions of image processing on the sphere. The third class enables us to discuss spherical Fourier expansions by means of axisymmetric finite elements.

- Generalized Weighted Spline Approximation on the Sphere (1993)
- Spline functions that interpolate data given on the sphere are developed in a weighted Sobolev space setting. The flexibility of the weights makes possible the choice of the approximating function in a way which emphasizes attributes desirable for the particular application area. Examples show that certain choices of the weight sequences yield known methods. A pointwise convergence theorem containing explicit constants yields a useable error bound.