## Fachbereich Mathematik

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#### Erscheinungsjahr

- 1995 (45) (entfernen)

#### Dokumenttyp

- Preprint (27)
- Wissenschaftlicher Artikel (10)
- Bericht (6)
- Dissertation (1)
- Vorlesung (1)

#### Schlagworte

- Boltzmann Equation (3)
- Numerical Simulation (3)
- Hysteresis (2)
- Boundary Value Problems (1)
- CAQ (1)
- Evolution Equations (1)
- Fatigue (1)
- Hybrid Codes (1)
- Non-linear wavelet thresholding (1)
- Palm distributions (1)

- A Kinetic Model for Vehicular Traffic Derived from a Stochastic Microscopic Model (1995)
- A way to derive consistently kinetic models for vehicular traffic from microscopic follow the leader models is presented. The obtained class of kinetic equations is investigated. Explicit examples for kinetic models are developed with a particular emphasis on obtaining models, that give realistic results. For space homogeneous traffic flow situations numerical examples are given including stationary distributions and fundamental diagrams.

- A Model for the Cloudiness of Fabrics (1995)
- Cloudy inhomogenities in artificial fabrics are graded by a fast method which is based on a Laplacian pyramid decomposition of the fabric image. This band-pass representation takes into account the scale character of the cloudiness. A quality measure of the entire cloudiness is obtained as a weighted mean over the variances of all scales.

- A Note on Approximation Algorithms for the Multicriteria \(\Delta\)-TSP (1995)
- The Tree and Christofides heuristic are weil known 1- and \(\frac{1} {2}\)- approximate algorithms for the \(\Delta\)-TSP. In this note their performance for the multicriteria case is described, depending on the norm in \(\mathbb{R}^Q\) in case of \(Q\) criteria.

- A Survey on Spherical Spline Approximation (1995)
- Spline functions that approximate data given on the sphere are developed in a weighted Sobolev space setting. The flexibility of the weights makes possible the choice of the approximating function in a way which emphasizes attributes desirable for the particular application area. Examples show that certain choices of the weight sequences yield known methods. A convergence theorem containing explicit constants yields a usable error bound. Our survey ends with the discussion of spherical splines in geodetically relevant pseudodifferential equations.

- A: New Wavelet Methods for Approximating Harmonic Functions; B: Satellite Gradiometry - from Mathematical and Numerical Point of View (1995)
- Some new approximation methods are described for harmonic functions corresponding to boundary values on the (unit) sphere. Starting from the usual Fourier (orthogonal) series approach, we propose here nonorthogonal expansions, i.e. series expansions in terms of overcomplete systems consisting of localizing functions. In detail, we are concerned with the so-called Gabor, Toeplitz, and wavelet expansions. Essential tools are modulations, rotations, and dilations of a mother wavelet. The Abel-Poisson kernel turns out to be the appropriate mother wavelet in approximation of harmonic functions from potential values on a spherical boundary.

- An improved asymptotic analysis of the expected number of pivot steps required by the simplex algorithm (1995)
- Let \(a_1,\dots,a_m\) be i.i .d. vectors uniform on the unit sphere in \(\mathbb{R}^n\), \(m\ge n\ge3\) and let \(X\):= {\(x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid a ^T_i x\leq 1\)} be the random polyhedron generated by. Furthermore, for linearly independent vectors \(u\), \(\bar u\) in \(\mathbb{R}^n\), let \(S_{u, \bar u}(X)\) be the number of shadow vertices of \(X\) in \(span (u, \bar u\)). The paper provides an asymptotic expansion of the expectation value \(E (S_{u, \bar u})\) for fixed \(n\) and \(m\to\infty\). The first terms of the expansion are given explicitly. Our investigation of \(E (S_{u, \bar u})\) is closely connected to Borgwardt's probabilistic analysis of the shadow vertex algorithm - a parametric variant of the simplex algorithm. We obtain an improved asymptotic upper bound for the number of pivot steps required by the shadow vertex algorithm for uniformly on the sphere distributed data.

- An Overview of the Method of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (1995)
- This report is intended to provide an introduction to the method of SmoothedParticle Hydrodynamics or SPH. SPH is a very versatile, fully Lagrangian, particle based code for solving fluid dynamical problems. Many technical aspects of the method are explained which can then be employed to extend the application of SPH to new problems.

- Asymptotic-Induced Domain Decomposition Methods for Kinetic and Drift Diffusion Semiconductor Equations (1995)
- This paper deals with domain decomposition methods for kinetic and drift diffusion semiconductor equations. In particular accurate coupling conditions at the interface between the kinetic and drift diffusion domain are given. The cases of slight and strong nonequilibrium situations at the interface are considered and some numerical examples are shown.

- Combined Spherical Harmonic and Wavelet Expansion - a Future Concepts in Earth" s Gravitational Determination (1995)
- The basic theory of spherical singular integrals is recapitulated. Criteria are given for measuring the space-frequency localization of functions on the sphere. The trade off between space localization on the sphere and frequency localization in terms of spherical harmonics is described in form of an uncertainty principle. A continuous version of spherical multiresolution is introduced, starting from continuous wavelet transform corresponding to spherical wavelets with vanishing moments up to a certain order. The wavelet transform is characterized by least-squares properties. Scale discretization enables us to construct spherical counterparts of wavelet packets and scale discrete Daubechies" wavelets. It is shown that singular integral operators forming a semigroup of contraction operators of class (Co) (like Abel-Poisson or Gauß-Weierstraß operators) lead in canonical way to pyramyd algorithms. Fully discretized wavelet transforms are obtained via approximate integration rules on the sphere. Finally applications to (geo-)physical reality are discussed in more detail. A combined method is proposed for approximating the low frequency parts of a physical quantity by spherical harmonics and the high frequency parts by spherical wavelets. The particular significance of this combined concept is motivated for the situation of today" s physical geodesy, viz. the determination of the high frequency parts of the earth" s gravitational potential under explicit knowledge of the lower order part in terms of a spherical harmonic expansion.

- Connectedness of Efficient Solutions in Multiple Criteria Combinatorial Optimization (1995)
- In multiple criteria optimization an important research topic is the topological structure of the set \( X_e \) of efficient solutions. Of major interest is the connectedness of \( X_e \), since it would allow the determination of \( X_e \) without considering non-efficient solutions in the process. We review general results on the subject,including the connectedness result for efficient solutions in multiple criteria linear programming. This result can be used to derive a definition of connectedness for discrete optimization problems. We present a counterexample to a previously stated result in this area, namely that the set of efficient solutions of the shortest path problem is connected. We will also show that connectedness does not hold for another important problem in discrete multiple criteria optimization: the spanning tree problem.