## Fachbereich Informatik

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- Evaluating Case-Based Reasoning Systems (1995)
- Evaluation is an important issue for every scientific field and a necessity for an emerging soft-ware technology like case- based reasoning. This paper is a supplementation to the review of industrial case-based reasoning tools by K.-D. Althoff, E. Auriol, R. Barletta and M. Manago which describes the most detailed evaluation of commercial case-based reasoning tools currently available. The author focuses on some important aspects that correspond to the evaluation ofcase-based reasoning systems and gives links to ongoing research.

- Case-Based Reasoning for Decision Support and Diagnostic Problem Solving: The INRECA Approach (1995)
- INRECA offers tools and methods for developing, validating, and maintaining decision support systems. INRECA's basic technologies are inductive and case-based reasoning, namely KATE -INDUCTION (cf., e.g., Manago, 1989; Manago, 1990) and S3-CASE, a software product based on PATDEX (cf., e.g., Wess,1991; Richter & Wess, 1991; Althoff & Wess, 1991). Induction extracts decision knowledge from case databases. It brings to light patterns among cases and helps monitoring trends over time. Case-based rea -soning relates the engineer's current problem to past experiences.

- INRECA - A Seamless Integration of Induction and Case-Based Reasoning for Decision Support Tasks (1995)
- We propose an integrated approach to decision support and diagnostic problems based on top-down induction of decision trees (TDIDT) and case-based reasoning (CBR).

- INRECA - A Seamless Integration of Induction and Case-Based Reasoning for Decision Support Tasks (1995)
- We propose an integrated approach to decision support and diagnostic problems based on top-down induction of decision trees (TDIDT) and case-based reasoning (CBR).

- Fallbasiertes Schliessen zur Unterstützung der Wiederverwendung objektorientierter Software: Eine Fallstudie (1995)
- Bei der Erstellung komplexer Software spielt die Wiederverwendung vorhandener Programmbestandteile eine besonders grosse Rolle, da hierdurch sowohl die Software-Qualität gesteigert, als auch der gesamte Erstellungsund Wartungsaufwand erheblich reduziert werden kann. In jüngster Zeit gewinnen objektorientierte Programmiersprachen zunehmend an Bedeutung, da die Wiederverwendung hierbei bereits durch Sprachkonzepte wie z.B. Vererbung und Polymorphie unterstützt wird. Weiterhin besteht jedoch das Problem, zur Wiederverwendung geeignete Programmbestandteile aufzufinden. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es herauszufinden, inwieweit fallbasiertes Schliessen nach dem aktuellen Stand der Kunst die Wiederverwendung objektorientierter Software unt erstützen kann. Hierzu wurde eine entsprechende Anwendung prototypisch auf der Basis des INRECA-Systems entwickelt. Durch ausgewählte Testsituationen wurden Erfahrungen mit diesem Prototyp gesammelt und systematisch ausgewertet.

- Automata-Theoretic Criteria for Feature Interactions in Telecommunications Systems (1995)
- The feature interaction problem in telecommunications systems increasingly ob-structs the evolution of such systems. We develop formal detection criteria whichrender a necessary (but less than sufficient) condition for feature interactions. It can be checked mechanically and points out all potentially critical spots. Thesehave to be analysed manually. The resulting resolution decisions are incorporatedformally. Some prototype tool support is already available. A prerequisite forformal criteria is a formal definition of the problem. Since the notions of featureand feature interaction are often used in a rather fuzzy way, we attempt a formaldefinition first and discuss which aspects can be included in a formalization (andtherefore in a detection method). This paper describes ongoing work.

- Exploration, Navigation and Self-Localization in an Autonomous Mobile Robot (1995)
- In this paper the autonomous mobile vehicle MOBOT-IV is presented, which is capable of exploring an indoor-environment while building up an internal representation of its world. This internal model is used for the navigation of the vehicle during and after the exploration phase. In contrast to methods, which use a grid based or line based environment representation, in the approach presented in this paper, local sector maps are the basic data structure of the world model. This paper describes the method of the view-point-planning for map building, the use of this map for navigation and the method of external position estimation including the hand- ling of an position error in a moving real-time system.

- Learning proof heuristics by adapting parameters (1995)
- We present a method for learning heuristics employed by an automated proverto control its inference machine. The hub of the method is the adaptation of theparameters of a heuristic. Adaptation is accomplished by a genetic algorithm.The necessary guidance during the learning process is provided by a proof prob-lem and a proof of it found in the past. The objective of learning consists infinding a parameter configuration that avoids redundant effort w.r.t. this prob-lem and the particular proof of it. A heuristic learned (adapted) this way canthen be applied profitably when searching for a proof of a similar problem. So,our method can be used to train a proof heuristic for a class of similar problems.A number of experiments (with an automated prover for purely equationallogic) show that adapted heuristics are not only able to speed up enormously thesearch for the proof learned during adaptation. They also reduce redundancies inthe search for proofs of similar theorems. This not only results in finding proofsfaster, but also enables the prover to prove theorems it could not handle before.

- Experiments in the Heuristic Use of Past Proof Experience (1995)
- Problems stemming from the study of logic calculi in connection with an infer-ence rule called "condensed detachment" are widely acknowledged as prominenttest sets for automated deduction systems and their search guiding heuristics. Itis in the light of these problems that we demonstrate the power of heuristics thatmake use of past proof experience with numerous experiments.We present two such heuristics. The first heuristic attempts to re-enact aproof of a proof problem found in the past in a flexible way in order to find a proofof a similar problem. The second heuristic employs "features" in connection withpast proof experience to prune the search space. Both these heuristics not onlyallow for substantial speed-ups, but also make it possible to prove problems thatwere out of reach when using so-called basic heuristics. Moreover, a combinationof these two heuristics can further increase performance.We compare our results with the results the creators of Otter obtained withthis renowned theorem prover and this way substantiate our achievements.

- Improving the Efficiency of Automated Protocol Implementation Using Estelle (1995)
- Correctness and runtime efficiency are essential properties of software ingeneral and of high-speed protocols in particular. Establishing correctnessrequires the use of FDTs during protocol design, and to prove the protocolcode correct with respect to its formal specification. Another approach toboost confidence in the correctness of the implementation is to generateprotocol code automatically from the specification. However, the runtimeefficiency of this code is often insufficient. This has turned out to be amajor obstacle to the use of FDTs in practice.One of the FDTs currently applied to communication protocols is Es-telle. We show how runtime efficiency can be significantly improved byseveral measures carried out during the design, implementation and run-time of a protocol. Recent results of improvements in the efficiency ofEstelle-based protocol implementations are extended and interpreted.