In this thesis a new family of codes for the use in optical high bit rate transmission systems with a direct sequence code division multiple access scheme component was developed and its performance examined. These codes were then used as orthogonal sequences for the coding of the different wavelength channels in a hybrid OCDMA/WDMA system. The overall performance was finally compared to a pure WDMA system. The common codes known up to date have the problem of needing very long sequence lengths in order to accommodate an adequate number of users. Thus, code sequence lengths of 1000 or more were necessary to reach bit error ratios of with only about 10 simultaneous users. However, these sequence lengths are unacceptable if signals with data rates higher than 100 MBit/s are to be transmitted, not to speak about the number of simultaneous users. Starting from the well known optical orthogonal codes (OOC) and under the assumption of synchronization among the participating transmitters - justified for high bit rate WDM transmission systems -, a new code family called ?modified optical orthogonal codes? (MOOC) was developed by minimizing the crosscorrelation products of each two sequences. By this, the number of simultaneous users could be increased by several orders of magnitude compared to the known codes so far. The obtained code sequences were then introduced in numerical simulations of a 80 GBit/s DWDM transmission system with 8 channels, each carrying a 10 GBit/s payload. Usual DWDM systems are featured by enormous efforts to minimize the spectral spacing between the various wavelength channels. These small spacings in combination with the high bit rates lead to very strict demands on the system components like laser diode, filters, multiplexers etc. Continuous channel monitoring and temperature regulations of sensitive components are inevitable, but often cannot prevent drop downs of the bit error ratio due to aging effects or outer influences like mechanical stress. The obtained results show that - very different to the pure WDM system - by orthogonally coding adjacent wavelength channels with the proposed MOOC, the overall system performance gets widely independent from system parameters like input powers, channel spacings and link lengths. Nonlinear effects like XPM that insert interchannel crosstalk are effectively fought. Furthermore, one can entirely dispense with the bandpass filters, thus simplifying the receiver structure, which is especially interesting for broadcast networks. A DWDM system upgraded with the OCDMA subsystem shows a very robust behavior against a variety of influences.