## 65T99 None of the above, but in this section

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#### Keywords

- Approximation (1)
- Bernstejn-Polynom (1)
- Earth's disturbing potential (1)
- Riesz Transform (1)
- Shearlets (1)
- Sphäre (1)
- Unschärferelation (1)
- Wavelet (1)
- deflections of the vertical (1)
- instantaneous phase (1)

The only quadrature operator of order two on \(L_2 (\mathbb{R}^2)\) which covaries with orthogonal
transforms, in particular rotations is (up to the sign) the Riesz transform. This property
was used for the construction of monogenic wavelets and curvelets. Recently, shearlets
were applied for various signal processing tasks. Unfortunately, the Riesz transform does
not correspond with the shear operation. In this paper we propose a novel quadrature operator called linearized Riesz transform which is related to the shear operator. We prove
properties of this transform and analyze its performance versus the usual Riesz transform numerically. Furthermore, we demonstrate the relation between the corresponding
optical filters. Based on the linearized Riesz transform we introduce finite discrete quasi-monogenic shearlets and prove that they form a tight frame. Numerical experiments show
the good fit of the directional information given by the shearlets and the orientation ob-
tained from the quasi-monogenic shearlet coefficients. Finally we provide experiments on
the directional analysis of textures using our quasi-monogenic shearlets.

As a first approximation the Earth is a sphere; as a second approximation it may be considered an ellipsoid of revolution. The deviations of the actual Earth's gravity field from the ellipsoidal 'normal' field are so small that they can be understood to be linear. The splitting of the Earth's gravity field into a 'normal' and a remaining small 'disturbing' field considerably simplifies the problem of its determination. Under the assumption of an ellipsoidal Earth model high observational accuracy is achievable only if the deviation (deflection of the vertical) of the physical plumb line, to which measurements refer, from the ellipsoidal normal is not ignored. Hence, the determination of the disturbing potential from known deflections of the vertical is a central problem of physical geodesy. In this paper we propose a new, well-promising method for modelling the disturbing potential locally from the deflections of the vertical. Essential tools are integral formulae on the sphere based on Green's function of the Beltrami operator. The determination of the disturbing potential from deflections of the vertical is formulated as a multiscale procedure involving scale-dependent regularized versions of the surface gradient of the Green function. The modelling process is based on a multiscale framework by use of locally supported surface curl-free vector wavelets.

In this work we introduce a new bandlimited spherical wavelet: The Bernstein wavelet. It possesses a couple of interesting properties. To be specific, we are able to construct bandlimited wavelets free of oscillations. The scaling function of this wavelet is investigated with regard to the spherical uncertainty principle, i.e., its localization in the space domain as well as in the momentum domain is calculated and compared to the well-known Shannon scaling function. Surprisingly, they possess the same localization in space although one is highly oscillating whereas the other one shows no oscillatory behavior. Moreover, the Bernstein scaling function turns out to be the first bandlimited scaling function known to the literature whose uncertainty product tends to the minimal value 1.