- Elastic properties of thin h-BN films investigated by Brillouin light scattering (1999)
- Hexagonal BN films have been deposited by rf-magnetron sputtering with simultaneous ion plating. The elastic properties of the films grown on silicon substrates under identical coating conditions have been de-termined by Brillouin light scattering from thermally excited surface phonons. Four of the five independent elastic constants of the deposited material are found to be c11 = 65 GPa, c13 = 7 GPa, c33 = 92 GPa and c44 = 53 GPa exhibiting an elastic anisotropy c11/c33 of 0.7. The Young's modulus determined with load indenta-tion is distinctly larger than the corresponding value taken from Brillouin light scattering. This discrepancy is attributed to the specific morphology of the material with nanocrystallites embedded in an amorphous matrix.
- Spin wave quantization and dynamic coupling in micron-size circular magnetic dots (1999)
- We report on the observation of spin wave quantization in square arrays of micron size circular magnetic Ni80Fe20 dots by means of Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy. For a large wavevector interval several discrete, dispersionless modes with a frequency splitting of up to 2.5 GHz were observed. The modes are identified as magnetostatic surface spin waves laterally quantized due to in- plane confinement in each single dot. The frequencies of the lowest observed modes decrease with increasing distance between the dots, thus indicating an essential dynamic magnetic dipole interaction between the dots with small interdot distances.
- Inelastic light scattering in magnetic dots and wires (1999)
- An overview of the current status of the study of spin wave excitations in arrays of magnetic dots and wires is given. We describe both the status of theory and recent inelastic light scattering experiments addressing the three most important issues: the modification of magnetic properties by patterning due to shape aniso-tropies, anisotropic coupling between magnetic islands, and the quantization of spin waves due to the in-plane confinement of spin waves in islands.
- Direct observation of two-dimensional self-focusing of spin waves in magnetic films (1999)
- The first observation of self-focusing of dipolar spin waves in garnet film media is reported. In particular, we show that the quasi-stationary diraction of a nite-aperture spin wave beam in a focusing medium leads to the concentration of the wave power in one focal point rather than along a certain line(channel). The obtained results demonstrate the wide applicability of nonlinear spin wave media to study nonlinear wave phenomena using an advanced combined microwave-Brillouin light scattering technique for a two-dimensional mapping ofthe spin wave amplitudes.
- Brillouin light scattering from quantized spin waves in micron-size magnetic wires (1999)
- An experimental study of spin wave quantization in arrays of micron size magnetic Ni80Fe20 wires by means of Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy is reported. Dipolar-dominated Damon-Eshbach spin wave modes laterally quantized in a single wire with quantized wavevector values determined by the width of the wire are studied. The frequency splitting between quantized modes, which decreases with increasing mode number, depends on the wire sizes and is up to 1.5 GHz. The transferred wavevector interval, where each mode is observed, is calculated using a light scattering theory for confined geometries. The frequen-cies of the modes are calculated, taking into account finite size effects. The results of the calculations are in a good agreement with the experimental data.
- Collisions of Spin Wave Envelope Solitons and Self-Focused Spin Wave Packets in Magnetic Films (1999)
- Head-on collisions between two-dimensional self-focused spin wave packets and between quasi-one-dimensional spin wave envelope solitons have been directly observed for the first time in yttrium-iron garnet (YIG) films by means of a space- and time-resolved Brillouin light scattering technique. We show that quasi-one-dimensional envelope solitons formed in narrow film strips ("waveguides") retain their shapes after collision, while the two-dimensional self-focused spin wave packets formed in wide YIG films are destroyed in collision.
- Biased Switching of small magnetic particles (1999)
- High frequency switching of single domain, uniaxial magnetic particles is discussed in terms of transition rates controlled by a small transverse bias field. It is shown that fast switching times can be achieved using bias fields an order of magnitude smaller than the effective anisotropy field. Analytical expressions for the switching time are derived in special cases and general configurations of practical interest are examined using numerical simulations.
- Enhanced coercivity of exchange-biased Fe/MnPd bilayers (1999)
- We present detailed studies of the enhanced coercivity of exchange-bias bilayer Fe/MnPd, both experimentally and theoretically. We have demonstrated that the existence of large higher-order anisotropies due to exchange coupling between different Fe and MnPd layers can account for the large increase of coercivity in Fe/MnPd system. The linear dependence of coercivity on inverse Fe thickness are well explained by a phenomenological model by introducing higher-order anisotropy terms into the total free energy of the system.
- Arrays of Interacting Magnetic Dots and Wires: Static and Dynamic Properties (1999)
- Static and dynamic properties of patterned magnetic permalloy films are investigated. In square lattices of circular shaped permalloy dots an anisotropic coupling mechanism has been found, which is identified as being due to intrinsically unsaturated parts of the dots caused by spatial variations of demagnetizing field. In arrays of magnetic wires a quantization of the surface spin wave mode in several dispersionless modes is observed and quantitatively described. For large wavevectors the frequency separation between the modes becomes smaller and the frequencies converge to the dispersion of the dipole-exchange surface mode of a continuous film.
- Ferromagnetism above room temperature in Mn-Si-C alloy films (1999)
- Mn-Si-C alloy films are prepared by e-beam coevaporation onto a Si substrate held at 600 °C. Ferromagnetism is observed below T = (360 +/- 5) K with SQUID magnetometry and magneto-optical Kerr effect. This is the highest Curie temperature T yet observed for a Mn-based alloy. Although the composition determined by Auger depth profiling varies appreciably for different films, their T is the same indicating that ferromagnetism is caused by an alloy of well-defined composition independent of precipitations.