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#### Schlagworte

- Grid Graphs (1)
- Minkowski space (1)
- Optimierung (1)
- Standorttheorie (1)
- Verkehsplanung (1)
- activity-based model (1)
- center and median problems (1)
- center hyperplane (1)
- centrally symmetric polytope (1)
- common transversal (1)

#### Fachbereich / Organisatorische Einheit

- Fachbereich Mathematik (15)
- Fraunhofer (ITWM) (1)

We consider the problem of locating a line or a line segment in three- dimensional space, such that the sum of distances from the linear facility to a given set of points is minimized. An example is planning the drilling of a mine shaft, with access to ore deposits through horizontal tunnels connecting the deposits and the shaft. Various models of the problem are developed and analyzed, and effcient solution methods are given.

In the delay management problem we decide how to react in case of delays in public transportation. More specific, the question is if connecting vehicles should wait for delayed feeder vehicles or if it is better to depart in time. As objective we consider the convenience over all customers, expressed as the average delay of a customer when arriving at his destination.We present path-based and activity-based integer programming models for the delay management problem and show the equivalence of these formulations. Based on these, we present a simplification of the (cubic) activity-based model which results in an integer linear program. We identify cases in which this linearization is correct, namely if the so-called never-meet property holds. Fortunately, this property is often almost satisfied in our practical data. Finally, we show how to find an optimal solution in linear time in case of the never-meet property.

The anchored hyperplane location problem is to locate a hyperplane passing through some given points P IR^n and minimizing either the sum of weighted distances (median problem), or the maximum weighted distance (center problem) to some other points Q IR^n . If the distances are measured by a norm, it will be shown that in the median case there exists an optimal hyperplane that passes through at least n - k affinely independent points of Q, if k is the maximum number of affinely independent points of P. In the center case, there exists an optimal hyperplane which isatmaximum distance to at least n - k + 1 affinely independent points of Q. Furthermore, if the norm is a smooth norm, all optimal hyperplanes satisfy these criteria. These new results generalize known results about unrestricted hyperplane location problems.

The problem of finding an optimal location X* minimizing the maximum Euclidean distance to existing facilities is well solved by e.g. the Elzinga-Hearn algorithm. In practical situations X* will however often not be feasible. We therefore suggest in this note a polynomial algorithm which will find an optimal location X^F in a feasible subset F of the plane R^2

In this paper we consider the problem of optimizing a piecewise-linear objective function over a non-convex domain. In particular we do not allow the solution to lie in the interior of a prespecified region R. We discuss the geometrical properties of this problems and present algorithms based on combinatorial arguments. In addition we show how we can construct quite complicated shaped sets R while maintaining the combinatorial properties.