- Service Area Based OFDM Air Interface for Beyond 3G Mobile Radio Systems (2004)
- The present thesis deals with a novel air interface concept for beyond 3G mobile radio systems. Signals received at a certain reference cell in a cellular system which originate in neighboring cells of the same cellular system are undesired and constitute the intercell interference. Due to intercell interference, the spectrum capacity of cellular systems is limited and therefore the reduction of intercell interference is an important goal in the design of future mobile radio systems. In the present thesis, a novel service area based air interface concept is investigated in which interference is combated by joint detection and joint transmission, providing an increased spectrum capacity as compared to state-of-the-art cellular systems. Various algorithms are studied, with the aid of which intra service area interference can be combated. In the uplink transmission, by optimum joint detection the probability of erroneous decision is minimized. Alternatively, suboptimum joint detection algorithms can be applied offering reduced complexity. By linear receive zero-forcing joint detection interference in a service area is eliminated, while by linear minimum mean square error joint detection a trade-off is performed between interference elimination and noise enhancement. Moreover, iterative joint detection is investigated and it is shown that convergence of the data estimates of iterative joint detection without data estimate refinement towards the data estimates of linear joint detection can be achieved. Iterative joint detection can be further enhanced by the refinement of the data estimates in each iteration. For the downlink transmission, the reciprocity of uplink and downlink channels is used by joint transmission eliminating the need for channel estimation and therefore allowing for simple mobile terminals. A novel algorithm for optimum joint transmission is presented and it is shown how transmit signals can be designed which result in the minimum possible average bit error probability at the mobile terminals. By linear transmit zero-forcing joint transmission interference in the downlink transmission is eliminated, whereas by iterative joint transmission transmit signals are constructed in an iterative manner. In a next step, the performance of joint detection and joint transmission in service area based systems is investigated. It is shown that the price to be paid for the interference suppression in service area based systems is the suboptimum use of the receive energy in the uplink transmission and of the transmit energy in the downlink transmission, with respect to the single user reference system. In the case of receive zero-forcing joint detection in the uplink and transmit zero-forcing joint transmission in the downlink, i.e., in the case of linear unbiased data transmission, it is shown that the same price, quantified by the energy efficiency, has to be paid for interference elimination in both uplink and downlink. Finally it is shown that if the system load is fixed, the number of active mobile terminals in a SA and hence the spectrum capacity can be increased without any significant reduction in the average energy efficiency of the data transmission.