### Filtern

#### Schlagworte

In this article, we investigate the maximum entropy moment closure in gas dynamics. We show that the usual choice of polynomial weight functions may lead to hyperbolic systems with an unpleasant state space: equilibrium states are boundary points with possibly singular fluxes. In order to avoid singularities, the necessary arises to find weight functions which growing sub-quadratically at infinity. Unfortunately, this requirement leads to a conflict with Galilean invariance of the moment systems because we can show that rotational and translational invariant, finite dimensional function spaces necessarily consist of polynomials.

The paper concerns the equilibrium state of ultra small semiconductor devices. Due to the quantum drift diffusion model, electrons and holes behave as a mixture of charged quantum fluids. Typically the involved scaled Plancks constants of holes, \(\xi\), is significantly smaller than the scaled Plancks constant of electrons. By setting formally \(\xi=0\) a well-posed differential-algebraic system arises. Existence and uniqueness of an equilibrium solution is proved. A rigorous asymptotic analysis shows that this equilibrium solution is the limit (in a rather strong sense) of quantum systems as \(\xi \to 0\). In particular the ground state energies of the quantum systems converge to the ground state energy of the differential-algebraic system as \(\xi \to 0\).

An asymptotic preserving numerical scheme (with respect to diffusion scalings) for a linear transport equation is investigated. The scheme is adopted from a class of recently developped schemes. Stability is proven uniformly in the mean free path under a CFL type condition turning into a parabolic CFL condition in the diffusion limit.

Mean field equations arise as steady state versions of convection-diffusion systems where the convective field is determined as solution of a Poisson equation whose right hand side is affine in the solutions of the convection-diffusion equations. In this paper we consider the repulsive coupling case for a system of 2 convection-diffusion equations. For general diffusivities we prove the existence of a unique solution of the mean field equation by a variational technique. Also we analyse the small-Debye-length limit and prove convergence to either the so-called charge-neutral case or to a double obstacle problem for the limiting potential depending on the data.

The thermal equilibrium state of a bipolar, isothermal quantum fluid confined to a bounded domain \(\Omega\subset I\!\!R^d,d=1,2\) or \( d=3\) is the minimizer of the total energy \({\mathcal E}_{\epsilon\lambda}\); \({\mathcal E}_{\epsilon\lambda}\) involves the squares of the scaled Planck's constant \(\epsilon\) and the scaled minimal Debye length \(\lambda\). In applications one frequently has \(\lambda^2\ll 1\). In these cases the zero-space-charge approximation is rigorously justified. As \(\lambda \to 0 \), the particle densities converge to the minimizer of a limiting quantum zero-space-charge functional exactly in those cases where the doping profile satisfies some compatibility conditions. Under natural additional assumptions on the internal energies one gets an differential-algebraic system for the limiting \((\lambda=0)\) particle densities, namely the quantum zero-space-charge model. The analysis of the subsequent limit \(\epsilon \to 0\) exhibits the importance of quantum gaps. The semiclassical zero-space-charge model is, for small \(\epsilon\), a reasonable approximation of the quantum model if and only if the quantum gap vanishes. The simultaneous limit \(\epsilon =\lambda \to 0\) is analyzed.

The asymptotic behaviour of a singular-perturbed two-phase Stefan problem due to slow diffusion in one of the two phases is investigated. In the limit the model equations reduce to a one-phase Stefan problem. A boundary layer at the moving interface makes it necessary to use a corrected interface condition obtained from matched asymptotic expansions. The approach is validated by numerical experiments using a front-tracking method.

In this paper the kinetic model for vehicular traffic developed in [3,4] is considered and theoretical results for the space homogeneous kinetic equation are presented. Existence and uniqueness results for the time dependent equation are stated. An investigation of the stationary equation leads to a boundary value problem for an ordinary differential equation. Existence of the solution and some properties are proved. A numerical investigation of the stationary equation is included.

The interation of particular slender bodies with low Reynolds-number flows is in the limit 'slenderness to 0' described by a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. The integral operator of this equation has a denumerable set of polynomial eigenfunctions whose corresponding eigenvalues are non-positive and of logarithmic growth. A theorem similiar to a classical result of Plemelj-Privalov for integral operators with Cauchy kernels is proven. In contrast to Cauchy kernel operators, the integral operator maps no Hölder space into itself. A spectral analysis of the integral operator restricted to an appropriate class of analytic functions is performed. The spectral properties of this restricted integral operator suggest a collocation-like method to solve the integral equation numerically. For this numerical scheme, convergence is proven and several computations are presented.

The asymptotic analysis of IBVPs for the singularly perturbed parabolic PDE ... in the limit epsilon to zero motivate investigations of certain recursively defined approximative series ("ping-pong expansions"). The recursion formulae rely on operators assigning to a boundary condition at the left or the right boundary a solution of the parabolic PDE. Sufficient conditions for uniform convergence of ping-pong expansions are derived and a detailed analysis for the model problem ... is given.