### Refine

#### Keywords

- resonances (3)
- Quantum mechanics (2)
- lifetimes (2)
- Wannier-Stark ladders (1)
- Wannier-Stark states (1)
- Wannier-Stark systems (1)
- absorption spectrum (1)
- computation (1)
- eigenvalues (1)
- interband tunneling (1)

A simple method of calculating the Wannier-Stark resonances in 2D lattices is suggested. Using this method we calculate the complex Wannier-Stark spectrum for a non-separable 2D potential realized in optical lattices and analyze its general structure. The dependence of the lifetime of Wannier-Stark states on the direction of the static field (relative to the crystallographic axis of the lattice) is briefly discussed.

Wannier-Stark states for semiconductor superlattices in strong static fields, where the interband Landau-Zener tunneling cannot be neglected, are rigorously calculated. The lifetime of these metastable states was found to show multiscale oscillations as a function of the static field, which is explained by an interaction with above-barrier resonances. An equation, expressing the absorption spectrum of semiconductor superlattices in terms of the resonance Wannier-Stark states is obtained and used to calculate the absorption spectrum in the region of high static fields.

The paper studies the dynamics of transitions between the levels of a Wannier-Stark ladder induced by a resonant periodic driving. The analysis of the problem is done in terms of resonance quasienergy states, which take into account the metastable character of the Wannier-Stark states. It is shown that the periodic driving creates from a localized Wannier-Stark state an extended Bloch-like state with a spatial length varying in time as ~ t^1/2. Such a state can find applications in the field of atomic optics because it generates a coherent pulsed atomic beam.

An extremely simple and convenient method is presented for computing eigenvalues in quantum mechanics by representing position and momentum operators in a simple matrix form. The simplicity and success of the method is illustrated by numerical results concerning eigenvalues of bound systems and resonances for hermitian and non-hermitian Hamiltonians as well as driven quantum systems.