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- 2000 (2) (remove)

Abstract: This paper presents a solution to a problem from superanalysis about the existence of Hilbert-Banach superalgebras. Two main results are derived: 1) There exist Hilbert norms on some graded algebras (infinite-dimensional superalgebras included) with respect to which the multiplication is continuous. 2) Such norms cannot be chosen to be submultiplicative and equal to one on the unit of the algebra.

Abstract: Let H_1 , H_2 be complex Hilbert spaces, H be their Hilbert tensor product and let tr_2 be the operator of taking the partial trace of trace class operators in H with respect to the space H_2 . The operation tr_2 maps states in H (i.e. positive trace class operators in H with trace equal to one) into states in H_1 . In this paper we give the full description of mappings that are linear right inverse to tr_2 . More precisely, we prove that any affine mapping F(W) of the convex set of states in H_1 into the states in H that is right inverse to tr_2 is given by W -> W x D for some state D in H_2 . In addition we investigate a representation of the quantum mechanical state space by probability measures on the set of pure states and a representation - used in the theory of stochastic Schrödinger equations - by probability measures on the Hilbert space. We prove that there are no affine mappings from the state space of quantum mechanics into these spaces of probability measures.