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Fri, 14 Mar 2014 08:54:11 +0100Fri, 14 Mar 2014 08:54:11 +0100Intersection theory with applications to the computation of Gromov-Witten invariants
https://kluedo.ub.uni-kl.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/3750
This thesis is devoted to the computational aspects of intersection theory and enumerative geometry. The first results are a Sage package Schubert3 and a Singular library schubert.lib which both provide the key functionality necessary for computations in intersection theory and enumerative geometry. In particular, we describe an alternative method for computations in Schubert calculus via equivariant intersection theory. More concretely, we propose an explicit formula for computing the degree of Fano schemes of linear subspaces on hypersurfaces. As a special case, we also obtain an explicit formula for computing the number of linear subspaces on a general hypersurface when this number is finite. This leads to a much better performance than classical Schubert calculus.
Another result of this thesis is related to the computation of Gromov-Witten invariants. The most powerful method for computing Gromov-Witten invariants is the localization of moduli spaces of stable maps. This method was introduced by Kontsevich in 1995. It allows us to compute Gromov-Witten invariants via Bott's formula. As an insightful application, we computed the numbers of rational curves on general complete intersection Calabi-Yau threefolds in projective spaces up to degree six. The results are all in agreement with predictions made from mirror symmetry.
Hiep Dangdoctoralthesishttps://kluedo.ub.uni-kl.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/3750Fri, 14 Mar 2014 08:54:11 +0100