Skyrme Sphalerons of an O(3)-oe Model and the Calculation of Transition Rates at Finite Temperature

  • The reduced O(3)-oe model with an O(3) ! O(2) symmetry breaking potential is considered with an additional Skyrmionic term, i. e. a totally antisymmetric quartic term in the field derivatives. This Skyrme term does not affect the classical static equations of motion which, however, allow an unstable sphaleron solution. Quantum fluctuations around the static classical solution are considered for the determination of the rate of thermally induced transitions between topologically distinct vacua mediated by the sphaleron. The main technical effect of the Skyrme term is to produce an extra measure factor in one of the fluctuation path integrals which is therefore evaluated using a measure-modified Fourier-Matsubara decomposition (this being one of the few cases permitting this explicit calculation). The resulting transition rate is valid in a temperature region different from that of the original Skyrme-less model, and the crossover from transitions dominated by thermal fluctuations to those dominated by tunneling at the lower limit of this range depends on the strength of the Skyrme coupling.

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Verfasserangaben:H. J. W. Müller-Kirsten, D.H. Tschrakian, F. Zimmerschied
URN (Permalink):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-8602
Sprache der Veröffentlichung:Englisch
Jahr der Fertigstellung:1997
Jahr der Veröffentlichung:1997
Veröffentlichende Institution:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Datum der Publikation (Server):03.04.2000
Fachbereiche / Organisatorische Einheiten:Fachbereich Physik
DDC-Sachgruppen:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 530 Physik
Lizenz (Deutsch):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011