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## The Bootstrap for the Functional Autoregressive Model FAR(1)

- Functional data analysis is a branch of statistics that deals with observations \(X_1,..., X_n\) which are curves. We are interested in particular in time series of dependent curves and, specifically, consider the functional autoregressive process of order one (FAR(1)), which is defined as \(X_{n+1}=\Psi(X_{n})+\epsilon_{n+1}\) with independent innovations \(\epsilon_t\). Estimates \(\hat{\Psi}\) for the autoregressive operator \(\Psi\) have been investigated a lot during the last two decades, and their asymptotic properties are well understood. Particularly difficult and different from scalar- or vector-valued autoregressions are the weak convergence properties which also form the basis of the bootstrap theory. Although the asymptotics for \(\hat{\Psi}{(X_{n})}\) are still tractable, they are only useful for large enough samples. In applications, however, frequently only small samples of data are available such that an alternative method for approximating the distribution of \(\hat{\Psi}{(X_{n})}\) is welcome. As a motivation, we discuss a real-data example where we investigate a changepoint detection problem for a stimulus response dataset obtained from the animal physiology group at the Technical University of Kaiserslautern. To get an alternative for asymptotic approximations, we employ the naive or residual-based bootstrap procedure. In this thesis, we prove theoretically and show via simulations that the bootstrap provides asymptotically valid and practically useful approximations of the distributions of certain functions of the data. Such results may be used to calculate approximate confidence bands or critical bounds for tests.

Author: | Euna Gesare Nyarige |
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URN (permanent link): | urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-44105 |

Advisor: | Jürgen Franke |

Document Type: | Doctoral Thesis |

Language of publication: | English |

Publication Date: | 2016/05/07 |

Year of Publication: | 2016 |

Publishing Institute: | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern |

Granting Institute: | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern |

Acceptance Date of the Thesis: | 2016/06/22 |

Date of the Publication (Server): | 2016/07/06 |

Tag: | Autoregressive Hilbertian model; Bootstrap; Functional autoregression; Functional time series |

Number of page: | XVI, 152 |

Faculties / Organisational entities: | Fachbereich Mathematik |

DDC-Cassification: | 5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 510 Mathematik |

MSC-Classification (mathematics): | 62-XX STATISTICS |

Licence (German): | Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vom 30.07.2015 |