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Cyanobacterial lichenized fungi and there photobionts in Vietnam

  • The biodiversity of the cyanobacterial lichen flora of Vietnam is chronically understudied. Previous studies often neglected the lichens that inhabit lowlands especially outcrops and sand dunes that are common habitats in Vietnam. A cyanolichen collection was gathered from lowlands of central and southern Vietnam to study their diversity and distribution. At the same time, cultured photobionts from those lichens were used for olyphasic taxonomic approach. A total of 66 cyanolichens were recorded from lowland regions in central and southern of Vietnam, doubles the number of cyanolichens for Vietnam. 80% of them are new records for Vietnam in which a new species Pyrenopsis melanophthalma and two new unidentified lichinacean taxa were described. A notably floristic segregation by habitats was indicated in the communities. Saxicolous Lichinales dominated in coastal outcrops that corresponded to 56% of lichen species richness. Lecanoralean cyanolichens and basidiolichens were found in the lowland forests. Precipitation correlated negatively to species richness in this study, indicating a competitive relationship. Eleven cyanobacterial strains including 8 baeocyte-forming members of the genus Chroococcidiopsis and 3 heterocyte-forming species of the genera Nostoc and Scytonema were successfully isolated from lichens. Phylogenetic and morphological analyses indicated that Chroococcidiopsis was the unique photobiont in Peltula. New mophological characters were found in two Chroococcidiopsis strains: (1) the purple content of cells in one photobiont strain that was isolated from a new lichinacean taxon, and (2) the pseudofilamentous feature by binary division from a strain that was isolated from Porocyphus dimorphus. With respect to heterocyte-forming cyanobiont, Scytonema was confirmed as the photobiont in the ascolichen Heppia lutosa applying the polyphasic method. The genus Scytonema in the basidiolichens Cyphellostereum was morphologically examinated in lichen thalli. For the first time the intracellular haustorial system of basidiolichen genus Cyphellostereum was noted and investigated. Phylogenetic analysis of photobiont strains Nostoc from Pannaria tavaresii and Parmeliella brisbanensis indicated that a high selectivity occurred in Parmeliella brisbanensis that were from different regions of the world, while low photobiont selectivity occurred among Pannaria tavaresii samples from different geographical regions. The herewith presented dissertation is therefore an important contribution to the lichen flora of Vietnam and a significant improvement of the actual knowledge about cyanolichens in this country.

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Author:Giao Thi Phi Vo
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-44372
Advisor:Burkhard Buedel
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2016/09/03
Date of first Publication:2016/08/31
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Granting Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Acceptance Date of the Thesis:2016/08/31
Date of the Publication (Server):2016/09/05
Number of page:XII, 127
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Biologie
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vom 30.07.2015