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A Novel Shadowgraphic Inline Measurement Technique for Image-Based Crystal Size Distribution Analysis

  • A novel shadowgraphic inline probe to measure crystal size distributions (CSD), based on acquired greyscale images, is evaluated in terms of elevated temperatures and fragile crystals, and compared to well-established, alternative online and offline measurement techniques, i.e., sieving analysis and online microscopy. Additionally, the operation limits, with respect to temperature, supersaturation, suspension, and optical density, are investigated. Two different substance systems, potassium dihydrogen phosphate (prisms) and thiamine hydrochloride (needles), are crystallized for this purpose at 25 L scale. Crystal phases of the well-known KH2PO4/H2O system are measured continuously by the inline probe and in a bypass by the online microscope during cooling crystallizations. Both measurement techniques show similar results with respect to the crystal size distribution, except for higher temperatures, where the bypass variant tends to fail due to blockage. Thiamine hydrochloride, a substance forming long and fragile needles in aqueous solutions, is solidified with an anti-solvent crystallization with ethanol. The novel inline probe could identify a new field of application for image-based crystal size distribution measurements, with respect to difficult particle shapes (needles) and elevated temperatures, which cannot be evaluated with common techniques.

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Author:Dominic WirzORCiD, Marc Hofmann, Heike LorenzORCiD, Hans-Jörg Bart, Andreas Seidel-MorgensternORCiD, Erik TemmelORCiD
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-61720
ISSN:2073-4352
Parent Title (English):Crystals
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2020/08/21
Year of Publication:2020
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2021/01/15
Issue:10/09
Number of page:26
Source:https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4352/10/9/740
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
DDC-Cassification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Collections:Open-Access-Publikationsfonds
Licence (German):Zweitveröffentlichung