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Quantum Phase Interference for Quantum Tunneling in Spin Systems

  • Abstract: The point-particle-like Hamiltonian of a biaxial spin particle with external magnetic field along the hard axis is obtained in terms of the potential field description of spin systems with exact spin-coordinate correspondence. The Zeeman energy term turns out to be an effective gauge potential which leads to a nonintegrable phase of the Euclidean Feynman propagator. The phase interference between clockwise and anticlockwise under barrier propagations is recognized explicitly as the Aharonov-Bohm effect. An additional phase which is significant for quantum phase interference is discovered with the quantum theory of spin systems besides the known phase obtained with the semiclassical treatment of spin. We also show the energy dependence of the effect and obtain the tunneling splitting at excited states with the help of periodic instantons.

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Author:J.-Q. Liang, H. J. W. Müller-Kirsten, D. K. Park, F.-C. Pu
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-11171
Document Type:Preprint
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:2000
Year of Publication:2000
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2001/02/16
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Physik
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011