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Determination of interaction between MCT1 and CAII via a mathematical and physiological approach

  • The enzyme carbonic anhydrase isoform II (CAII), catalysing the hydration and dehydration of CO2, enhances transport activity of the monocarboxylate transporter isoform I (MCT1, SLC16A1) expressed in Xenopus oocytes by a mechanism that does not require CAII catalytic activity (Becker et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem., 280). In the present study, we have investigated the mechanism of the CAII induced increase in transport activity by using electrophysiological techniques and a mathematical model of the MCT1 transport cycle. The model consists of six states arranged in cyclic fashion and features an ordered, mirror-symmetric, binding mechanism were binding and unbinding of the proton to the transport protein is considered to be the rate limiting step under physiological conditions. An explicit rate expression for the substrate °ux is derived using model reduction techniques. By treating the pools of intra- and extracellular MCT1 substrates as dynamic states, the time dependent kinetics are obtained by integration using the derived expression for the substrate °ux. The simulations were compared with experimental data obtained from MCT1-expressing oocytes injected with di®erent amounts of CAII. The model suggests that CAII increases the e®ective rate constants of the proton reactions, possibly by working as a proton antenna.

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Author:J. Almquist, H. Schmidt, P. Lang, J. Deitmer, M. Jirstrand, D. Prätzel-Wolters, H. Becker
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-15585
Serie (Series number):Berichte des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik (ITWM Report) (136)
Document Type:Report
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:2008
Year of Publication:2008
Publishing Institute:Fraunhofer-Institut für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik
Creating Corporation:Fraunhofer ITWM
Date of the Publication (Server):2008/06/18
Tag:Electrophysiology; Mathematical modeling; Model reduction; pH-sensitive microelectrodes
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fraunhofer (ITWM)
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011