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Dynamics of Excited Electrons in Copper and Ferromagnetic Transition Metals: Theory and Experiment

  • Both theoretical and experimental results for the dynamics of photoexcited electrons at surfaces of Cu and the ferromagnetic transition metals Fe, Co, and Ni are presented. A model for the dynamics of excited electrons is developed, which is based on the Boltzmann equation and includes effects of photoexcitation, electron-electron scattering, secondary electrons (cascade and Auger electrons), and transport of excited carriers out of the detection region. From this we determine the time-resolved two-photon photoemission (TR-2PPE). Thus a direct comparison of calculated relaxation times with experimental results by means of TR-2PPE becomes possible. The comparison indicates that the magnitudes of the spin-averaged relaxation time t and of the ratio t_up/t_down of majority and minority relaxation times for the different ferromagnetic transition metals result not only from density-of-states effects, but also from different Coulomb matrix elements M. Taking M_Fe > M_Cu > M_Ni = M_Co we get reasonable agreement with experiments.

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Author:M. Aeschlimann, R. Knorren, K.H. Bennemann, R. Burgermeister
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-11341
Document Type:Preprint
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:2000
Year of Publication:2000
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2001/04/27
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Physik
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011