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Can A Superimposed Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Intervention Enhance the Effects of a 10-Week Athletic Strength Training in Youth Elite Soccer Players?

  • Strength training in youth soccer has both a preventive and a sports-specific component. Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) could represent an interesting time-saving add-on to classical strength exercises in performance-oriented soccer. The objective of this study was to find out whether a 10-week superimposed WB-EMS training might have a more positive impact on strength parameters in male youth elite soccer players than regular athletic strength exercises alone. A total of 30 male youth soccer players from a youth academy aged 15 to 17 years participated in the study. Before and after the intervention, the isometric extension and flexion forces of trunk and knee, and the hip abduction and adduction forces were tested. Twelve players (control group) absolved a conventional 20-minute strength training once a week for a period of ten weeks. Eighteen players absolved the same exercises but with superimposed WB-EMS. Blood creatine kinase concentration was measured for training control. ANOVAs, Friedman tests and post hoc t-tests were calculated (p = 0.05) to examine the strength development during the training period between the groups. While we could not find significant strength increases in the leg, hip and trunk muscles in the control group (<4%), the strength of the WB-EMS group improved significantly in 4 of the 6 muscle groups tested. In this group, the strength of knee flexors increased significantly by 20.68 ± 21.55%, knee extensors by 31.43 ± 37.02%, hip adductors by 21.70 ± 12.86% and trunk flexors by 33.72 ± 27.43%. The rates of strength increase are partly in line with other studies, partly clearly higher, which might be explained by the athletically active target group. A 10-week superimposed WB-EMS training improves the strength of certain leg, hip and trunk muscles in male adolescent elite soccer players to a greater extent than a pure athletic strength training of the same duration.

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Author:Oliver LudwigORCiD, Joshua Berger, Torsten Schuh, Marco Backfisch, Stephan Becker, Michael Fröhlich
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-61580
Parent Title (English):Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Publisher:University of Uludag, TUR
Document Type:Article
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2020/08/13
Year of Publication:2020
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2020/12/04
Number of page:12
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Sozialwissenschaften
DDC-Cassification:7 Künste und Unterhaltung, Architektur, Raumplanung / 796 Sport
Licence (German):Zweitveröffentlichung