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Toward Decentralised Sanitary Sewage Collection Systems: A Multiobjective Approach for Cost-Effective and Resilient Designs

  • In recent years, the concept of a centralized drainage system that connect an entire city to one single treatment plant is increasingly being questioned in terms of the costs, reliability, and environmental impacts. This study introduces an optimization approach based on decentralization in order to develop a cost-effective and sustainable sewage collection system. For this purpose, a new algorithm based on the growing spanning tree algorithm is developed for decentralized layout generation and treatment plant allocation. The trade-off between construction and operation costs, resilience, and the degree of centralization is a multiobjective problem that consists of two subproblems: the layout of the networks and the hydraulic design. The innovative characteristics of the proposed framework are that layout and hydraulic designs are solved simultaneously, three objectives are optimized together, and the entire problem solving process is self-adaptive. The model is then applied to a real case study. The results show that finding an optimum degree of centralization could reduce not only the network’s costs by 17.3%, but could also increase its structural resilience significantly compared to fully centralized networks.

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Author:Arezoo Zahediasl, Amin Ebrahim BakhshipourORCiD, Ulrich DittmerORCiD, Ali HaghighiORCiD
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-65208
ISSN:2073-4441
Parent Title (English):Water
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2021/07/07
Year of Publication:2021
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2021/08/19
Issue:13(14)
Number of page:19
Source:10.3390/w13141886
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Bauingenieurwesen
CCS-Classification (computer science):J. Computer Applications
DDC-Cassification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 600 Technik
MSC-Classification (mathematics):90-XX OPERATIONS RESEARCH, MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING
Collections:Open-Access-Publikationsfonds
Licence (German):Zweitveröffentlichung