Nonstandard Hydrodynamics for the Boltzmann Equation
- The Boltzmann equation solutions are considered for the small Knudsen number. The main attention is devoted to certain deviations from the classical Navier-Stokes description. The equations for the quasistationary slow flows are derived. These equations do not contain the Knudsen number and provide in this sense a limiting description of hydrodynamical variables. Two well-known special cases are also indicated. In the isothermal case the equations are equivalent to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, in stationary case they coincide with the equations of slow non-isothermal flows. It is shown that the derived equations possess all principal properties of the Boltzmann equation on contrast to the Burnett equations. In one dimension the equations reduce to the nonlinear diffusion equations, being exactly solvable for Maxwell molecules. Multidimensional stationary heat-transfer problems are also discussed. It is shown that one can expect an essential difference between the Boltzmann equaiton solution in the limit of the continuous media and the corresponding solution of the Navier-Stokes equations.