Median hyperplanes in normed spaces - a survey -

  • In this survey we deal with the location of hyperplanes in n-dimensional normed spaces, i.e., we present all known results and a unifying approach to the so-called median hyperplane problem in Minkowski spaces. We describe how to find a hyperplane H minimizing the weighted sum f(H) of distances to a given, finite set of demand points. In robust statistics and operations research such an optimal hyperplane is called a median hyperplane.After summarizing the known results for the Euclidean and rectangular situation, we show that for all distance measures d derived from norms one of the hyperplanes minimizing f(H) is the affine hull of n of the demand points and, moreover, that each median hyperplane is a halving one (in a sense defined below) with respect to the geiven point set. Also an independence of norm result for finding optimal hyperplanes with fixed slope will be given. Furthermore we discuss how these geometric criteria can be used for algorithmical approaches to median hyperplanes, with an extra discussion for the case of polyhedral norms. And finally a characterizatio of all smooth norms by a sharpened incidence criterion for median hyperplanes is mentioned.

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Metadaten
Verfasserangaben:Anita Schöbel, Horst Martini
URN (Permalink):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-4792
Schriftenreihe (Bandnummer):Report in Wirtschaftsmathematik (WIMA Report) (36)
Dokumentart:Preprint
Sprache der Veröffentlichung:Englisch
Jahr der Fertigstellung:1999
Jahr der Veröffentlichung:1999
Veröffentlichende Institution:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Datum der Publikation (Server):03.04.2000
Fachbereiche / Organisatorische Einheiten:Fachbereich Mathematik
DDC-Sachgruppen:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 51 Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
Lizenz (Deutsch):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011

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