Analogical Reasoning with Typical Examples

  • Typical examples, that is, examples that are representative for a particular situationor concept, play an important role in human knowledge representation and reasoning.In real life situations more often than not, instead of a lengthy abstract characteriza-tion, a typical example is used to describe the situation. This well-known observationhas been the motivation for various investigations in experimental psychology, whichalso motivate our formal characterization of typical examples, based on a partial orderfor their typicality. Reasoning by typical examples is then developed as a special caseof analogical reasoning using the semantic information contained in the correspondingconcept structures. We derive new inference rules by replacing the explicit informa-tion about connections and similarity, which are normally used to formalize analogicalinference rules, by information about the relationship to typical examples. Using theseinference rules analogical reasoning proceeds by checking a related typical example,this is a form of reasoning based on semantic information from cases.

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Metadaten
Author:Manfred Kerber, Erica Melis, Jörg Siekmann
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-3082
Serie (Series number):SEKI Report (92,13)
Document Type:Preprint
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:1999
Year of Publication:1999
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Tag:analogy ; case-based reasoning ; concept representation; typical examples
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Informatik
DDC-Cassification:004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik

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