## Finite volume discretization of equations describing nonlinear diffusion in Li-Ion batteries

• Numerical modeling of electrochemical process in Li-Ion battery is an emerging topic of great practical interest. In this work we present a Finite Volume discretization of electrochemical diffusive processes occurring during the operation of Li-Ion batteries. The system of equations is a nonlinear, time-dependent diffusive system, coupling the Li concentration and the electric potential. The system is formulated at length-scale at which two different types of domains are distinguished, one for the electrolyte and one for the active solid particles in the electrode. The domains can be of highly irregular shape, with electrolyte occupying the pore space of a porous electrode. The material parameters in each domain differ by several orders of magnitude and can be non-linear functions of Li ions concentration and/or the electrical potential. Moreover, special interface conditions are imposed at the boundary separating the electrolyte from the active solid particles. The field variables are discontinuous across such an interface and the coupling is highly non- linear, rendering direct iteration methods ineffective for such problems. We formulate a Newton iteration for an purely implicit Finite Volume discretization of the coupled system. A series of numerical examples are presented for different type of electrolyte/electrode configurations and material parameters. The convergence of the Newton method is characterized both as function of nonlinear material parameters as well as the nonlinearity in the interface conditions.

• Dokument_1.pdf • Dokument_1.djvu Author: P. Popov, Y. Vutov, S. Margenov, O. Iliev urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-16598 Berichte des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik (ITWM Report) (191) Report English 2010 2010 Fraunhofer-Institut für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik Fraunhofer ITWM 2010/08/10 Numerical modeling; electrochemical diusive processes; nonlinearity Fraunhofer (ITWM) 5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 510 Mathematik Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011