## Mythos öffentlicher Raum - Wie öffentlich muss der Stadtraum der Zukunft noch sein?

### Myth Public Space - How public must Urban Spaces be in the Future?

• The ideal of the 'European City' with its dense organic urban structure and its coherent network of public spaces stands as the prototype of urbanity and still influences planning theory and practice strongly. The tropes of the agora or the forum often appear as the archetypes of 'the public' proper and together they signify the myth of an ideal and democratic urban society which is constituted and articulated in them. At the beginning of the 21st century, however, the question evolves, if the traditional and entrenched models of public space are still adequate against the background of a rapidly changing society, in the so called information age. Are the typical ideas and notions of the 'city' which are based to a large degree on the perception of its public spaces only of a symbolic significance? Are meaningful public spaces gradually replaced by virtual spaces like chat rooms and online forums? The compact city, the city of the short distances with its dense variety of mixed land uses isn’t any longer the sole ‘market place’ for the exchange of goods and information. The city as a coherent and homogeneous constructum does no longer exist except as a very powerful and persistent myth. Instead the city is characterised by fragmentation and splintering urbanisation as the diagnoses of Touraine ['The City – An Antiquated Bluepint', 1996], Koolhaas ['Generic City', 1997], Sieverts ['City Without Cities', 1999], and Augé ['Non-Places', 1998] show. At the same time, with the Cyberspace or 'Virtual Cities' [Roetzer, 1997] new forms of public spaces and the public sphere are evolving – parallel spaces to the material world. Which effects these new spaces will have on the life of man and the city, cannot be foreseen yet. In the material world the leeway of municipal planners becomes ever smaller; the complex socio-economic interdependencies, which are triggered by globalization, privatisation and deregulation of public tasks, become ever more complex. Beside comparable international phenomena such as proliferating shopping malls, new urbanism, gated communities, which are taking place all over the world in a similar fashion, also society-immanent socio-cultural trends are of crucial importance for public space. Public space as link between the realms of the 'private' and the 'public' is also increasingly under pressure of the 'event and consumer society' and therefore is can only fulfil its functions for the society as a whole in a reduced manner. Furthermore, the highly individualized and mobile society with its changing and diversifying life scripts and value conceptions questions the traditional notion of the public. The image of public space as an area for the society of the 21st Century can no longer be met with a mystifying Agora concept. A new fresh view and an examination of the current developments are essential for the future treatment of public space. At the same time, however, also the historical conditions need to be examined in order to obtain a clear view on the past in order to learn for the future.

Author: Jens Aesche, Christian Dimmer urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-13733 Master's Thesis German 2001 2001 Technische Universität Kaiserslautern Technische Universität Kaiserslautern 2005/04/05 Amerikanische ; Europäische ; Japanische ; Stadt ; TokioAmerican; City ; European; Japanese ; Tokyo Gated Community ; Globalisierung ; Habermas ; Mythos ; Privatisierung ; Shopping Mall ; Sprawl; Öffentlicher Raum ; Öffentlichkeit ; Überwachung Fachbereich ARUBI 7 Künste und Unterhaltung / 71 Landschaftsgestaltung, Raumplanung / 710 Städtebau, Raumplanung, Landschaftsgestaltung Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011

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