Quantum limit of optical magnetometry in the presence of ac-Stark shifts

  • Abstract: We analyze systematic (classical) and fundamental (quantum) limitations of the sensitivity of optical magnetometers resulting from ac-Stark shifts. We show that incontrast to absorption-based techniques, the signal reduction associated with classical broadening can be compensated in magnetometers based on phase measurements using electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). However due to ac-Stark associated quantum noise the signal-to-noise ratio of EIT-based magnetometers attains a maximum value at a certain laser intensity. This value is independent on the quantum statistics of the light and defines a standard quantum limit of sensitivity. We demonstrate that an EIT-based optical magnetometer in Faraday configuration is the best candidate to achieve the highest sensitivity of magnetic field detection and give a detailed analysis of such a device.

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Metadaten
Author:M. Fleischhauer, A. B. Matsko, M.O. Scully
URN (permanent link):urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-12017
Document Type:Preprint
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:2000
Year of Publication:2000
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fachbereich Physik
DDC-Cassification:530 Physik

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