TY - THES
A1 - Motsak, Oleksandr
T1 - Graded commutative algebra and related structures in Singular with applications
N2 - This thesis is devoted to constructive module theory of polynomial
graded commutative algebras over a field.
It treats the theory of Groebner bases (GB), standard bases (SB) and syzygies as well as algorithms
and their implementations.
Graded commutative algebras naturally unify exterior and commutative polynomial algebras.
They are graded non-commutative, associative unital algebras over fields and may contain zero-divisors.
In this thesis
we try to make the most use out of _a priori_ knowledge about
their characteristic (super-commutative) structure
in developing direct symbolic methods, algorithms and implementations,
which are intrinsic to graded commutative algebras and practically efficient.
For our symbolic treatment we represent them as polynomial algebras
and redefine the product rule in order to allow super-commutative structures
and, in particular, to allow zero-divisors.
Using this representation we give a nice characterization
of a GB and an algorithm for its computation.
We can also tackle central localizations of graded commutative algebras by allowing commutative variables to be _local_,
generalizing Mora algorithm (in a similar fashion as G.M.Greuel and G.Pfister by allowing local or mixed monomial orderings)
and working with SBs.
In this general setting we prove a generalized Buchberger's criterion,
which shows that syzygies of leading terms play the utmost important role
in SB and syzygy module computations.
Furthermore, we develop a variation of the La Scala-Stillman free resolution algorithm,
which we can formulate particularly close to our implementation.
On the implementation side
we have further developed the Singular non-commutative subsystem Plural
in order to allow polynomial arithmetic
and more involved non-commutative basic Computer Algebra computations (e.g. S-polynomial, GB)
to be easily implementable for specific algebras.
At the moment graded commutative algebra-related algorithms
are implemented in this framework.
Benchmarks show that our new algorithms and implementation are practically efficient.
The developed framework has a lot of applications in various
branches of mathematics and theoretical physics.
They include computation of sheaf cohomology, coordinate-free verification of affine geometry
theorems and computation of cohomology rings of p-groups, which are partially described in this thesis.
KW - Non-commutative Computer Algebra
Y1 - 2010
UR - https://kluedo.ub.uni-kl.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/2647
UR - https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:386-kluedo-26479
ER -